John Green (J): Now I have become pixelated. Hank Green (H): Yeah, well, you could justshrink yourself on down. J: Oh, I see what you did there. You're in…SoHank is in control of this Google+ Hangout on air. Um, but, uh, but you know, I'm here,too. I matter a little bit. Hopefully. Um. H: Yeah, that can depend….[incomprehensibletalking] J: But anyway. Hi, yes, welcome to the Google+Crash Course Hangout. H: We're doing it. J: [incomprehensible talking]… which hopefully- H: Um, I just went to the Crash Course pageto see if this is working or not. It appears .

To be. J: And it is. Okay. Great. Um, so, uh, wewant to start by talking about Crash Course, and education and what led us to make thischannel. And then we're gonna answer your questions on Twitter. You can tweet us @thecrashcourseor, uh, to our individual twitters…um… @realjohngreen and @hankgreen and we'll beanswering as many questions as we can. But first we're going to talk about, um, how thischannel came about and why we wanted to make it. Hank. H: It was all John's idea. Um. YouTube basicallyasked us if we had ideas for original content programming stuff that we couldn't affordto do on our own and um… ooh, I need to .

Enable me. Ha, it's me now. And so we, uh,we, we came at them with two ideas, both of them were educational in nature, one was SciShowand this is also SciShow headquarters here in Missoula. You can see if this is familiarto you from the news show, uh, behind me. Um, and the other was Crash Course and uh,what we wanted to do was sort of focus on what, you know, what we're good at, whichis explaining things, and learning things, and, uh, and sort of something that we thought,would, would in addition to being entertaining might actually, uh, help the world be a betterplace. Um, so that's how we got started, was sort of a broad… J: Yeah, so one of the things, one of thethings that Hank and I always talk about, .

When we talk about our ideas, when we talkabout what we, um, stuff we want to make, is, uh, whether it can do any good. Whetherit can be a useful thing in the lives of the people who, uh, participate, participate init with us. And uh, we felt like both with Crash Course and with SciShow. SciShow, youknow, committed to sharing, scientific learning, and Crash Course committed to, um, you knowmaking educational materials available, free to everyone that are engaging and fun, butalso genuinely educational. Um, we felt like both those things could, could do some good.Um. So we're really proud of Crash Course and SciShow, and almost, gosh, almost fivemonths in now. Um, it's been, it's been quite an adventure, definitely the most fun, interestingthing I've ever done on the internet, except .

For Nerdfighteria. H: (laughs) Yeah, uh, it's been, it's beenreally rewarding to, to watch, uh, as people sort of actually take the courses and startfrom, you know, not much knowledge to a broader, a broader amount of knowledge. It's also veryrewarding to see people, uh, being like, “I passed my AP exam because of you!” and, or”That episode came out right in time for me, or else I would have been screwed!” Um, sothat's pretty cool. J: Umm, so, there are lots of people withquestions Hank, so I wanna start asking you questions, okay? H: You're gonna ask me questions, okay. .

J: I'm gonna ask you some questions, thisis from @russeltospain. Are you planning, we're answering questions on Twitter by theway, @thecrashcourse, @realjohngreen, @hankgreen, are you planning to cover more subjects likeSalman Khan at the Khan Academy? I don't think he's asking if were planning to cover thesubject of Salman Khan, I think he's asking if we're planning to, to be like Khan Academy. H: Umm, dude, that's just generally, uh, veryhard, but, yes. I think that it would be fantastic if we can get into other topics. Um, Khanis amazing at, uh, at breadth, and I don't think that we're ever going to have that breadth,at least not in the short term. And certainly not with just the two of us. Um, Khan cando it all by himself because he's a genius, .

Umm, and has a different format than we do.And uh we cannot do it by ourselves, at that level of depth in all topic areas, which hepretty much has covered all of them now. He's pretty much got every topic area there is.But we… J: Well, he's certainly getting there. TheKhan Academy, for those of you who don't know about it, is this incredible resource, thatwas really, is really the brainchild of one person, Salman Khan, and, uh, I mean thereare thousands of videos, educational videos. But those videos are designed for highly motivatedstudents. Um, they're, they're long, they, you know. They're designed for, for peoplewho, you know, go into the video wanting, desperately, to learn, and our, our, our videoseries, Crash Course is designed, umm, for .

More, I guess, casual learners. Umm, you know,people who, people who see learning as part of, part of their life, and not necessarilylike just, just school-focused. But also, you know, hopefully in a way that, that canbe helpful to, to students. Um, Hank, do you guys have people editing your Vlogbrothersvideos as well as your Crash Course videos, asks @katiefab (Katie Twyman) H: (laughs) Oh, I just clicked on the wrongthing, sorry, I was trying, trying to activate myself and I paused the video. Um, the answerto that question is that John and I still edit our Vlogbrothers videos. Umm, occasionally,Michael Aranda will help me edit a Vlogbrothers video. I have him right there. .

J: Just pure panic. H: Um, but, (laughs), we do, we do uh, westill do all of our Vlogbrothers editing. And uh… J: Yeah, I edit all the Vlogbrothers videos.I mean it's important to note that we also work a lot on Crash Course and SciShow. Um,but, as you may have noticed, we aren't great video editors. H: I am! I'm a wonderful editor. J: You're an okay editor, ah, you're, you'regood at jump cuts, I mean, I-I-I don't think that, you, I don't think, I wouldn't trustyou to make a Thought Bubble, let's put it .

That way. H: Yeah, though, that's, that's, that's morethan just editing, but I, yeah, and I think that, it's, it's a skill set that-that uh,we have, we have just sort of been thrown into, whereas a lot of other people are well-trained.Um, and so, uh for-for SciShow and Crash Course we have two full-time editors here, and onein Indianapolis, so that is a whole different world for us to have that kind of support.Um, but yeah, anytime, the only time that I would ever, like, not edit a Vlogbrothersvideo is if there was literally something I wanted to do that I didn't know how to do,and that, that's what Michael's for. J: Yeah, I mean, we still, Hank and I bothfeel pretty strongly about keeping Vlogbrothers .

Its own separate thing, and, and kind of keepingit the thing that it always has been. Um, but Crash Course and SciShow allow us to liveour dream of making really educational content, um, which is what we always wanted to do,we just never had the ability to do it, because it takes a big team of people, like, I justdon't know enough about the French Revolution, um, to make a video about it, you know. AndHank, no offense, but like, Hank doesn't know enough about meiosis to make an authoritativevideo on it and he certainly doesn't know enough about illustrating meiosis to, youknow, do all the animations necessary to, to explain it. Hank you wanna an…you wannaanswer some questions, or do you want me to keep going? .

H: I think that I could, if I had the skillsto be able to animate, I think that I would, I do have the knowledge necessary
to animatemeiosis, but… J: Whatever, I…you're always saying thatthough. I…no one, no one is more convinced of, of, of his, of his own breadth of talentthan my brother. H: I-I'm not saying talent, I'm just sayingI-I understand, uh, the basic levels of biology, otherwise I could not do this. J: Um, why is the new history show, this isfor me, consistently focused on military and religion, and why did you choose the particularnarrative that it has? Um, well, it's not exclusively focused on military and religion,I also talk a lot about the plague, and in .

Fact, I think, I think ultimately, arguably,uh, as I said in, in yesterday's Vlogbrothers video, um, microbes have a bigger effect onhuman history than either military or religion. Um, but, and there's also, there's also somefocus on, on technology and scientific development, you know, things like, uh, how innovation,inventions changed, um, uh, you know, made the world smaller and made it easier to travel,for instance across the Indian Ocean, things like that. Um, but, you know, the focus is,is on religion, partly because that was the, or that was one of the focuses certainly,of lives in the time period that I'm talking about. So, you know, people, people's decisions,their values, uh, were shaped a lot of times…uh, almost always, actually…by, by their religiousbeliefs, and as those religious beliefs changed, .

A lot of responses to it changed. I'm alwayscriticized by military historians for not talking enough about wars, so, I'm glad youthink I talk too much about wars. Um, but you know, we, I try to be…I try to be asbroad as possible, um, but, you know, our, I feel like my job is to try to talk abouthow decisions that were made over the, by, by people and also not by people, over thecourse of, over the course of world history led to the world that we have now. And that,hopefully, will, allows us to, to think, sort of more broadly, and with greater depth aboutthe decisions that we're making now that are going to shape, uh, you know, the world forthe next thousand or five thousand years, or whenever, um, we end up killing ourselvesoff. Hank, what was your favorite… .

J: …episode of Biology Crash Course, sofar? H: Umm, I don't know, I like the early stuffa lot, uh, where we're talking about the…like, I'm a bio-chemist by training and so that,that stuff was, uh, I get more into that stuff, despite the fact that most people don't. Um,so I really enjoyed that. I also really enjoyed the episode we just did on natural selection,um, and, uh, because that that's, that's the area that sort of gets the most attention,in, in, uh, our world, uh, you know, in terms of policy and, and like controversy, and Ijust like, you know, the opportunity to talk about that in a way that's not talking aboutthe controversy and not, like, an argument between two sides, but just presenting theinformation, which I think John did a really .

Good job of as well, you know, when you'retalking about more hot-button topics in history like Islam and Christianity, and stuff likethat. So, it's really, really, you know, it's great to have an opportunity to talk aboutthese things in an educational context on the internet, when usually they're talkedabout in a polemical context on the internet. J: Right, I mean, Hank and I are really interested,really interested, and we have been for a long time, in de-politicizing traditionallypoliticized issues, particularly when they aren't political, like climate change, forinstance, which is not a political problem, um, uh, or, uh yeah, or Islamic history, whichshouldn't be a political problem. Like, people shouldn't be, people shouldn't…but uh, butit is and you have to, you have to acknowledge .

The, the, the complexity of that. Like, Imean, the weird, the weirdest part about making that video, which was…that Islam video Iguess was my favorite so far, although I like this week's, the one that comes, goes up tomorrow,about Mansa Musa in West Africa a lot. But, uh, the thing about that Islam video thatmade me nervous was talking about, talking about things that Sunnis and Shi'as stilldisagree about. Um, and that, that was actually, that was where most of the hot-button conversationwas, I mean the rest of the, i-i-it was great, for the first couple days and we al…we alwaysexperience this Hank, where the first couple days, the discourse is astonishingly sophisticatedand thoughtful and then slowly it degenerates. H: There are fewer and fewer comments, anduh, you start to see, that there will be one, .

Like usually the crazy comments get pusheddown by the intelligent comments, and then, eventually there are fewer comments and sothe crazy comments don't get pushed down, and people feel the need to respond to thecrazy people and then you end up with stupid conversations. J: But I do that too, I feel that same urgeto respond to the troll. H: We have…we have a… Michael Aranda: I was, I was gonna say thatuh after the video goes up, you're probably also getting fewer people who are subscribedto the channel because they're interested in the content… .

H: Right. M: …and more people that find the videobecause they just Google “Islam.” J: Right. H: Right, and they are looking for somethingto argue about. J: Let me just tell you, Michael, incidentally,that, um, if we can get to that point where you Google “Islam” and the first thing thatcomes up is Crash Course… H: (laughs) That would be, that's winning! J: We're a long ways, we're a long ways offfrom that but… H: John, I have a question for you. I havea question for you uh that no one is going .

To be polite enough to ask, why do you thinkCrash Course history gets so many more views than Crash Course biology? J: Because it's about history and not aboutbiology. (laughs) Um, I mean, it's really, it's pretty easy to make history populist,I mean, to make history something that you would choose to learn about. Um, there's arelatively low barrier to entry, right, because we're all, um, we're all human beings livingamid history and we all remember that there was a French Revolution or something. Um,when it comes to studying biology, it, it is, it is, I mean, I don't buy that hard/softscience distinction, but there is that, there is that distinction in it. Like, you're gonnahave to learn some terminology, you're gonna .

Have to pay attention to the way that cellsare built in order to later understand natural selection. And, uh, there's a relatively highbarrier to entry there. So, I think that's the issue, although I mean, how astonishingis it that just, just a few months into this project, you know, 60 thousand or 70 thousandpeople are choosing to watch videos about mitosis. I think it's awesome. H: Yeah, yup, I am, I'm pretty consistentlyshocked, but what I always say to the people who are like, “Now what do you do?” and they'relike, “But who pays for that, who watches that?” And I'm like, well, people who arelearning these things choose to come find them. Or if they're not even learning them,they're just curious. And that's the most .

Exciting thing to me, is that, like, we'recreating content that people come out, like go out of their way to watch instead of youknow, have to watch in a classroom. Sorry, I just forgot to click on myself before mymonologue, but now I'm done. J: Oh, I'm glad people got to see me, seeme listening to you. Um, I have a question from @philipwhite, and this has also beenasked by a lot of other people, um, it's: Is Crash Course mostly supported by ads andby Google, what makes your medium different from television, uh, and also I've frequentlyseen, um, are you guys gonna charge schools for Crash Course? H: Umm, we are at the moment supported almost,well, entirely. We are supported entirely .

By a grant from YouTube/Google, umm, and thatis the reason why we can make the content.
Uh, there is a sort of hope that at some point,uhh, this content could support itself through advertising or through grants from other organizations.Uh. There are lots of educational grants in the world. Umm, and, umm and also throughyou know sales of Mongols T-shirts and, err, and we recently… J: Err, err, you're right, Hank, that's thekey… H: Yeah. J: Mongols. We'll all be rich! (laugh) H: (laugh) I'm telling you that's the onlypath to true success… It's the Mongols T-shirts. .

J: (laugh) To answer your other question,uh, Crash Course is already taught in hundreds of schools, which is amazing and somethingthat we are really excited about and really grateful for. No, we don't charge them, no,we won't charge them. The whole idea of this project is to find a new way to make educationalmaterials possible that doesn't use that old model of charging academic institutions forthe right to show those, umm to… to share that… to share that stuff in class, um,we don't like that model. We think that it's inefficient; we think that, that schools couldspend their money in different and better ways. Um, and we want them to be spendingtheir money in those ways, um and we want this to be supported through other things,whether it's advertising or grants or whatever. .

Um, so that was the idea of Crash Course,you know we… we don't like the idea of… you know having schools fund, err, educationalvideo because we think there's a market for educational video. We think people want towatch it. We don't think people need to be forced to watch it, um… H: It's also very interesting to have, uh,come to the realization that, um, you know this, these things like what we're doing,you know, when you do it for free, people have a harder time taking you seriously, andthey're like, well, one, you don't have a bunch of money to pay like salespeople togo into schools and try and sell the content, and try and like, explain to teachers, like,like, do a, do a symposium at, like, at you .

Know a teacher conference, and talk abouthow useful this content is, and that's what all the for-profit institutions are doing,and so we are in this situation where, we're creating content that may very well be better,it's certainly cheaper ('cause it's free), um, but uh, a lot of places are less interestedin it, because they don't understand, like how could this be better if it's so much cheaper.Which is an interesting problem. J: Right, [laughs] well, but you know, we'rejust getting started, so it'll work out, umm, Hank? Are you looking at Twitter, becauseI'm looking at Twitter, I can keep asking questions, but I thought maybe you wantedto. H: I don't know, I don't understand how youcan multitask like that. .

J: What do you mean, look at Twitter and alsotalk? H: Yeah! J: Um, well, I mean, that's, first off, whenyou're talking, I'm looking at Twitter, I'm not listening to whatever boring crap you'resaying, so, so there's that. H: Ag, uuuh, well there's, uh, there's Katie. J: Oh, more importantly…no but okay… H: (laughs) – Uh- J: Uh- H: Sorry. .

J: You talk, Hank. H: Uhm, there's Katie who – ooh, shoot – whoasks, “Will Crash Course ever be used for charitable purposes like teaching people inthird world countries who can't afford schooling?” J: Well it's already used for that in thebroadest sense. I mean, the great thing about the mobile internet and the spread of broadbandinternet to the developing world, is that it allows us to sort of take a jump in termsof infrastructure development, at least hopefully, so that you don't have to develop telegraphlines and then telephone lines and then dial-up and then this and this and this. You can gostraight to 3G or 4G, which means that all of a sudden not just students outside of schoolsin the developing world, but also students .

In schools in the developing world have theopportunity to take advantage of all of the many educational resources that are freelyavailable on the Internet, whether it's Khan Academy or Crash Course or Ted-Ed, which isdoing great stuff, or MinutePhysics, or CGP Grey — whatever it is — and that's reallyreally exciting to us, and one of the things that gets us fired up and makes us wanna dothis is the believe that education is central to development, and that the biggest hurdleto development on some level is education, and this isn't… J: …the only way, I don't think that it'sa magic bullet but I think that it's one way. And so I'm…I'm really excited about that,and it's already happening. We already see .

Lots of YouTube comments in Crash Course andSciShow from the developing world, and hopefully in three to five years we'll see many manymore. H: I have another question for you, this onefrom Samantha. “What is the deal with the phrase of the week?” Cuz I don't really understandit either, John. J: Yeah, it was probably not a good idea inretrospect. H: (laughs) J: And I've never explained it well. So, here'show it works. Every week, we take a phrase that someone suggested in comments, and weput it in the video. We somehow manage to find a way to insert it into the script ofthe video. And, the idea there was that people .

Would guess at the phrase of the week andthen they would suggest phrases of the week. But people mostly have found it very confusing,which has left us with relatively few phrases of the week suggested, which makes it evenharder to work them into comments, which is why I had to write an entire episode aboutKim Kardashian. H: (laughs fully) J: I was like, “There's no way I can workKim Kardashian's name into an episode of Crash Course. I guess I'm just going to have towrite the episode of Crash Course about Kim Kardashian.” H: What a disaster! John, a question fromMeeva. “Do you think that Crash Course will .

Branch out into literature and the arts fromits less literature and arts-based foundations?” J: Uhm, yeah, I mean we are, I dunno, I'dlove to teach art history down the road, and I definitely would like to teach some kindof world literature class. It's challenging because while everyone is a part of humanhistory, not everyone has read “Things Fall Apart.” You know, everyone knows there wasa French Revolution, not everyone is deeply familiar with the plot of Macbeth or desiresto read it again. So I think that's one of the challenges, but we definitely want todo it. We just have to figure out the right way to do it. Whether that's all of us readthe book together and then talk about it, or whatever it is, whether we focus on shorterworks which most early college classes tend .

To do now, for better or worse… I don'tknow. That's something I'd like to do, I'd loveto do arts, art history… I'd love to do “Comp,” like English language and usage andgrammar. I know that that stuff sounds really boring, but it is actually astonishingly exciting.I get really geeked out about it, and, like, when we get to talk about what is and is notwrong with ending a sentence with a preposition and what a preposition is and how it functionsin the world and how it opens up the world of observation to us, I get really reallypsyched. So Hank, what do you want to teach? H: Uhm, I don't know, science? .

J: (laughs) Good job, Hank! H: Stuff. J: Stuff? H: Yeah, more science-y stuff. J: Do you wanna teach like, uh, physics, orteach liiiiike, uuuh, geology? H: Well, both of those are very interestingto me. I would really like to teach biochemistry, just because that I just know a lot aboutit. J: Right. H: I get excited about it pretty easily. I'dlove to have someone teach physics, but I .

Don't think that I'm the right person. J: No, I also would love to have someone teachphysics. H: And I also think, uh, I really… there'ssort of a distinction between sort of hard physics of, like, of Newtonian and also beyond,and then th
ere's a discussion of sort of broader, like, this is how weird quantum mechanicsis. And I like to talk about that stuff even though at a base mathematical level I am nowherenear, um, understanding it, but… J: Could you talk about that stuff withouttalking about the math, though? I mean, that's one of my… H: Well you could talk about, like, what aquark physically is, what color charge means… .

J: Right. H: Why they change color, what the weak forceis, what the strong force is, um, you could talk about that stuff, and you can do it ina way that's…that's, y'know, lets people understand it. So you actually get a prettymarvelously good understanding of the structure of the universe without having to talk aboutmath and that…we talk about that stuff on SciShow. To do a course on quantum physicswould be cool, but probably would better be done by someone who is not me. J: Right, that reminds me of when I was writingWill Grayson, Will Grayson, and I was writing about Schrödinger's cat, and I had this like,I had this character, this, this, seventeen-year-old .

Girl Jane, uhm, going on and on and on aboutthe mathematics involved in the problem that led to the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment,um, all of which, almost all of which was written by my cousin, Blake, um… It wasn'teven written by me. By my cousin, I mean Sarah's cousin, Hank's like… J & H: We don't have a cousin Blake. (bothlaugh) J: Blake who? Blake, he just had a baby, hedidn't have the baby, his wife, had the baby…this is a disaster of a story, um… but my pointis, that eventually, it became obvious to me that having this like six-page monologuefrom this seventeen-year-old girl about math I didn't understand was not going to be anasset to my novel. .

(Hank laughs) H: I just have received word that my wifehas a question. J: All right. Katherine: I just think it might be interestingfor people to know what the process is for every Crash Course video, because I know thatit's different for each of you. So you could talk about that. H: I don't know if you heard Katherine butwhat she said was, uh, maybe our processes for creating Crash Course videos are different,and maybe we could talk about the actual process behind how it works. .

J: Sure. K: Like Hank's have to be made farther inadvance… H: …from beginning to end. Yeah, mine aremade quite a long time in advance. We're about eight episodes out now. By the time the episodegoes online I'm like “What? I don't remember that. What is this stuff?” That's not ideal. J: Ours is filmed well in advance too, um.I think we're about the same far… the same amount out. By the way Hank, CGP Grey is watchingus, don't get nervous….but, um, he's asking questions so I think he's watching us. Hejust asked, “How do you feel talking about subjects on which you might not be expertsyourselves?” To which my answer is, uhh not .

So bad. I mean, I'm not a historian at all,and here I am cranking away like an expert. I mean, we have educators working with us,so that's the reason I don't feel that nervous about it, but it is a little weird. But to answer Katherine's question, um, yeahit's very different from traditional video blogging because…well, I don't know aboutyou, Hank, but I'm in a studio, and um, Stan and Danica are there with me, and y'know,they're there to make sure that, y'know the lighting is right and all the stuff that Inever understood in video blogging and the sound sounds good, and that, y'know Danicamakes the beautiful chalkboard illustrations and all that stuff, um… and then….butthe rest of it really is like video blogging .

Except that I usually don't make a video blogfrom a script because, y'know I'm talking in my own words about something I care about,um, and so that is a little bit like video blogging. I don't know what your experienceis, though. H: Yeah. But we don't… we write scriptsfor Vlogbrothers videos too. (Katherine saying something in background) J: Oh, I don't. (Laughs) Do you, a lot? H: Yeah, I script a fair amount. J: Wow. I don't. H: Yeah. I always find it goes significantlybetter by script. .

J: I do script, uh, the “Thoughts From Places,”you'll be surprised to hear. H: Oh, really. (Laughs) J: Yeah…astonishing. K: When I think about the Crash Course andSci Show, and if you planned the…breadth of the whole, of the series of videos. H: Right, so I mean we start out… (Katherine in background) K: From beginningto end, what you've planned for. Those topics are pretty much chosen, right? J: Right, yeah, so I always start with likeforty topics. .

H: We sit down at the beginning of the process,and we, we y'know, sat down with a biology textbook, with a biology teacher, with, y'know,sort of the AP guide to what you're supposed to know at the end of an AP biology class,and we were like, “OK, how are we going to put these into classes?” and we've stuck tothat pretty much. Occasionally there will be a script that is, y'know, twenty pageslong, and we'll be like “we should probably do this in two episodes.” Uh, but generally,you can do that. J: Yeah, when we first started the writer,Raul Meyer, sent a list of 40 topics he wanted to cover and we had a little bit of back andforth about which, you know, which 40 we should go with and then we, we eventually figuredit out. Although now I wanna make, I wanna .

Make a full 41st one, because I promised thelast episode would be about the, the t-shirts and the global economy, which, as you know,Hank, is something I find completely fascinating, much to your consternation. Umm, and I really,really want to make that video so I, we might have to cut something along the way or I'lljust do a special bonus episode. Speaking of special bonus episodes we havea couple surprises, and Hank, do you wanna crank one of those out now, since we're atthe midway point of our, of our live show? H: Yeah, let me just get it ready. J: Okay, Hank is gonna get something ready.While he does that I will answer another question. Um, “would you let someone outside the Vlogbrothersteach in Crash Course?” .

Absolutely! Um, you know, the reason thatwe haven't so far is strictly, frankly, kind of a budgetary thing. Um, Hank and I are free! J: Ahh… we're free and we have a lot ofexperience at doing this and we kind of know how to do it and there aren't that many peoplewho know how to do it, and those who do generally aren't free. Umm… a lot of people in comments,Hank, have suggested that we have Neil Tyson, umm, Neil deGrasse Tyson teach physics, whichwould be great… H: That would be great! J: I don't think he's available. H: Yeah, he's a busy guy. .

J: He's got a bunch of stuff going on. H: This is a very time-consuming project thatwe do here. Okay, so I'm going to try to do this. There's no guarantee that it will workbut we, ah, we have a process by which, by which we do this, so I'm just going to shareone of my windows, and, uh, and then we will watch a video. J: Hopefully. H: Yup. J: {in outtakes video} Oh…we're recording…ohGod. Hi, my name is John Green, and this is CrashCourse World Histor-whoops! (laughs) .

OW. Hi, my name's OW…my name is John Green,and I'm the host of Crash Course world history, and that hurt. Hi there, my name's John Green, this is champagnein a plastic cup, and today, we're going to talk about Egypt, as you might have guessedfrom the hieroglyphics behind me. Pardon me, I'm drunk. Hi, there, my name is John Green, this isCrash Course-I'm gonna do that again (laughing) The fall of Rome, according to-ahh. Hi, I'm John Green and today's…GOD. J: {in hangout} Hank…did you just…go away?Hank…can you hear…Hank, talk. .

(Hank and Katherine mutter inaudibly) J: Now I'm scared because I'm alone in thelive show. H: …and the answer is no. J: Hank? Hank,
I can hear what you're saying,just so you know. Hank, hi. J: {in outtakes} Aw, I missed it. Next week, we will journey to-mmm. missedit. J: {in hangout} Oh, hello, again, Hank! J: {in outtakes} Is it anti-feminist to nevertalk about women except when I'm talking about how their brutal… .

J: {in hangout} This isn't going well. Canwe exit… H: I tried. Can you not hear me? (breaks up) J: …video. We'll upload it, we'll uploadit so that you can actually watch it instead of seeing it in a series of apparent screen-caps.It's an episode of Crash Course outtakes that, um, that Stan put together. There's also oneof Hank's. Hank, you're a beautiful black screen rightnow. H: Can you hear me? J: Can you hear me? H: I can hear you, but you can't hear me. .

J: Yeah, I can hear everything you're saying.I could hear everything you were saying while the video was playing too. H: (laughing) Oh, was I saying… J: Yeah. H: Did I say any curse words? K: Yeah. J: No, I don't think you said any specificcurse words, but they were implied. H: (laughs) J: Um, anyway, is there any way that you cannot be a gigantic black screen, 'cause it .

Makes me sad. H: I would also love to not be a giganticblack screen. J: I miss when you looked like a Hank! Thatwas my favorite part of the show…was when you looked like Hank. H: (laughs) I also…I love it when uh…..Ihave such a good voice though, John. J: Find a way to turn off the screen-share,that's the key. H: Oh, no, I've done that. J: Oh. You just don't have…is your cameranot on anymore? Do you not have the little green light that I have? .

H: My camera's on. J: Oh. All right! Rock n' roll, man! H: (giggles) J: Um. I guess you should just put me up onthe screen and then you will just be a voice. H: You're up on the screen. J: Okaaaay. It's just gonna be me from hereon out, it seems like, so I will, uh…I don't know, anyway, so we both have, ah, we bothhave made, we both made special outtakes videos. (John's voice played back very loudly fromHank's end) J: Hank, that was very loud. Don't do thatagain. Um. We both have…we both have special .

Outtakes videos for you guys, uh, that youcan watch, um. But we'll upload them to the Crash Course channel or Vlogbrothers or somethingso that you can watch them instead of just doing it this way. All right, so I guess I will ans…I willask some more questions of the disembodied black screen that used to be my brother. Hank: [laughs] John: Um…um…ahhhh… do you do foreignsubtitles at all, Hank? Hank: Uh… John: Some one asked it, someone offered tomake Czech subtitles to Crash Course and said .

If we, if he made them would we use them?Or she? Hank: Let me just switch over to me blackscreen so you guys can see me… [laughs] John: Yeah, please don't. Hank: Yeah, I mean, we, ah, we are actuallyinvestigating at the moment… [laughs at John dancing on screen] John: Sorry, I figured, they can't see youthen I'll do something funny on the screen to be entertaining, while you are talking.Do do doo do do do doo [singing circus type music] Hank: Um, yeah, yeah, we are looking at, ah,at an application where, we're looking at .

Creating an application of sorts that willallow us to streamline the creation of, of subtitles to our videos because that's somethingthat we really want to, not just for Crash Course and SciShow but for all of the internet,to… John: Right. Hank: …be, to have access to. Um, we'rejust not, we have always felt like there could be a much better system to do that, and hasn'tbeen. J: And the answer to your question, firstoff, all the World History episodes are already subtitled in English. The answer to your question,”would we use Czech subtitles if you gave them to us” is yes. Although we don't knowhow to use them yet, so we would have to learn .

How to use them, but we will. So yes. Thatis the answer to that question. Um, someone says that they're listening to dubstep whilethey uh, while they watch us, Hank. H: Well that's okay, because our, our uh,manager of the office here listens to dubstep while he manages us. J: Wow. Um…that's, that's, that's crazy.Um, I'm gonna ask you some more questions, Hank. H: Okay. J: You can also ask me questions now thatyou are, you are just a black screen. H: I am. .

J: Um, how much of your houses have been turnedinto video studios? H: Only like a third or so. J: Well, Hank's house is very small, becauseit's a green house. Not in the sense that it's owned by a person named Green, but inthe sense that it is an, uh, eco-friendly house. Right? H: Uh…I don't know about that. J: I don't know, it strikes me as very green.You have like, bamboo flooring or something. H: Yeah, it's uh, it's a, it's a new house.It is…it's fairly small, I guess, by modern standards… um… .

J: Yeah, by modern standards, but wheneveryou go into like… That's one of the things that I've been really into, actually, whenresearching Crash Course. And I will let you finish in a moment, but, you know, since you'rejust a black screen right now, I-I own the video now! Um, but, uh, in researching CrashCourse, I am always astonished by the luxury that we take for granted that was literallynonexistent in 99.9995% of the population until like 80 years ago. H: Yeah. Well, yeah, when I went to Haitiand, like, we…I, like, went over to someone's house, um, and it was their, um, their bedroom,um, and there was…it was a two-room house, one of their rooms had a bed in it. You walkedinto the door–it had a door–you walked into .

The door and there was a bed and there wasa desk and it was maybe, you know, 20 square feet. And then behind that, there was anotherbed and another desk and another sort of room, and then — and this was a nice, like, thiswas a nice house in Haiti. And then out the back there was a pit toilet, and, like, thatwas, you know, like, a couple of people doing fairly well. J: Yeah. H: And, um, so it's always very strange tome when people refer to my house as small. J: Yeah, no, I mean your house is not small,but it's small compared to most American houses, .

Um. H: Yeah, um, so I…yeah, you know, but wegot, you've got the radiant floor heating and it's basically a refrigerator in there… J: Right. H: …in terms of letting heat out, um, sowe have to have an air circulation system or else we'd suffocate, um. J: Yeah, yeah. That all sounds very fancy.I just live in a normal American house, because unlike you… H: A very normal American house. .

J: …with your crazy Montana wilderness leftism,I'm an American. A regular, normal American. [Hank laughs] So, uh, long story short, Ialso converted about a third of my house into a video studio. Um, but my third is bigger. H: Right, yes, um… One of…one of my bedroomsis a video studio, um. J: Yeah, uh, my whole basement is and thenI do some filming upstairs, as well. Umm… H: But then, I would show you around our officeand show you, like, 'cause right now I'm in- I'm in the Crash Course offices, this is notmy house, um. J: Yeah. H: I would show you around if you could seeme, but you can't. .

J: Um, um, will you, um, will you look atsome questions while- while you're there being a black screen, so that we can answer goodquestions? H: Yeah, sure. J: Um, oh, uh, Manu…uh, on Twitter has areally important question for you, Hank, which is that have you tried turning it on and offagain? H: I mean, I could do that, but thenthe entire Hangout would end. J: Oh, uh, there's apparently already a coolapp that Philip DeFranco uses for open source subtitles. H: Oh, really? .

J: Yeah, it's called, um, thank you very much for letting us know about that, Christine. Um, uh… J: Okay, Hank. Oh, someone wants Hank to join,uh, CGP Grey suggested Hank join the video on a third laptop, which
isn't a terribleidea, um. Okay, um, so Hank, let's, uh…do you have questions for me, or should I keepasking you questions? By the way, we're answering questions on Twitter @TheCrashCourse, andalso @realjohngreen and @hankgreen. There are a lot of questions about interns, Hank.I don't know if all these interns live in Montana or not, but there are a lot of themso I thought I'd ask. H: What do you mean by interns? Our interns? .

J: Do- Do you have need of them? There seemto be a lot of people who wish to become your intern. H: Oh, um, yeah! I mean, we need people tohelp all the time, but I don't know…uh, we-we also would need an intern to have thecapacity to hire and manage interns. J: Yeah, sort of the biggest problemthat we have right now is figuring out…is figuring out that, um. But yes, down the road,certainly, we do want to have interns, um. Uh, Crash Course Indianapolis is going tohave an intern over the summer starting, uh, in a couple weeks, um, and I think that- thatwill be great for us. But, uh, I don't know- I don't know about anything else. Um, um…do you have any other questions, Hank, or .

Do you want me to keep going? H: I'm sorry, the reason why I'm not, um,answering questions is because I'm trying to fix the problem that we're having. J: Okay, well then I'll-I'll answer some questions.Um, someone asks — Nigel Prentice asks, “Hey, how can I score some 2D glasses?” So for thoseof you who don't know, my brother Hank invented the 2D glasses, uh, which are like 3D glassesexcept that you go to a 3D movie and you see that movie in a crisp 2-dimensions. Uh, youcan get them at, is that right Hank? Whatever, just Google 2D glasses, um,but yeah. Hank… I think it's…of all of the things that Hank has invented,and he has invented far too many things, 2D .

Glasses are my favorite because they're extremelyfunny and, um, also astonishingly useful, so, most things aren't. H: [Laughs in background] J: I'm just gonna keep talking while Hank,uh, mumbles quietly to his team because apparently he's not figured out how to mute himself onvideo. H: I did, I figured it out, I justundid it and then I redid it and then I undid it again and it was…. J: Yup, well Hank, there's only 15 minutesleft so I'm not sure that there's necessarily that much purpose to getting your face backfor 10 minutes. I'd rather have a high-quality .

Conversation between me, my face, and you,a black screen. H: Okay, let's do that. J: Okay, great, so we'll just do what we weredoing until you decided to try to make it work. K: Why don't you just [inaudible] H: Someone asked when I got a corgi becauserecently in a video I showed myself with a couple of dogs, a greyhound and a corgi. Uh,that was my greyhound. It was not my corgi, that corgi was named Abby and it sometimeslives in our office. It is the corgi of our technical director, Nick Jenkins, who youwill sometimes hear me refer to, as John will .

Occasionally refer to Stan. I will refer toJenkins or Nick. Don't call him “Leroy.” He doesn't like it. J: [laughs] I do like referring to Stan, butit has to be said that generally, when I make references to Stan, it's because of actualthings that Stan did or said moments before that was recorded. I don't know if that'strue for you and Leroy, but, um… H: [groans/laughs] Um…yeah. Uh…Yes, Nickis standing there the whole time while we're making those videos. J: Wow. H: So he'll be telling me to do things andI will invariably say, “Okay, Mom.” [John .

Laughs] Because he's always like, “Look intothe camera!” And I… J: A number of people have asked me to, haveasked me to teach a creative writing Crash Course, which I can't do because I don't knowhow to teach creative writing. Um, I have no idea how to teach such a thing, but thereare people who can do it and I admire them. But I know absolutely nothing about how towrite a story except by, by doing it. Um, so I wouldn't know how to teach that. Andright now we're focused on more, um, I would say traditionally academic subjects that'remaybe undertaught or not taught as well as they could be at schools. Whereas I think,um, certainly at colleges…creative writing…there tend to be really good creative writing professorsbecause there are a lot of writers who teach .

For a living, or for part of their living,anyway. H: I've also got a question: uh, are we evergoing to join forces and make an epic history of biology or the biology of history episode? J: That would be good. We should do that. H: I like that idea. J: I like…I actually think that's kind ofa cool idea. Uh, later on, when…you know, when we both…maybe in, like, the 30th weekor something, when Crash Course World History is relatively modern and Biology is relativelyhuman-focused, it might be really cool to talk about the relationship between historyand microbes, or to talk about the relationship .

Between, you know, evolutionary biology andcontemporary history or something. That might be cool. H: I'm also really interested in the actualhistory of science. Um, like the men and women who basically created the institution of scienceand the people who created biochemistry and sort of founded of genetics and…a lot ofthese people…and…we do a series on SciShow called “Great Minds”…Is that what it's called? M: Yep. H: That's what it's called. And that's beenreally interesting to do. We…I don't…I know this is written, but I don't know ifwe've recorded it yet, but we did a great .

Episode on Fritz Haber. Was that his name,Mike? M: We also did the Marie Curie one, right? H: The Marie Curie one is, like…was featuredin the New York Times and, um, on Jezebel, which I find equally impressive. J: [laughs] My two favorite news sources. H: [laughs] Um, and so people obviously likethose a lot, but Fritz Haber's a super-interesting dude because he basically saved billions ofpeople by trying to kill people for the Germans in World War I and then went on to createchemical weaponry, and his wife was so despondent that he was only interested in killing peoplethat she told him to stop or else. He said, .

“No,” and she shot herself to death. J: Wow. H: And then he went to a party! J: Wow. Yeah, I mean, they-they-they are,some…you know, the people who have a big impact on history tend to be maybe perhapsa bit eccentric. But I do also think that it goes both ways, that we also sort of lookto the eccentric stories and put them at the center of history. You know? H: Well, I mean, the dude figured out howto fix nitrogen, which doesn't sound that impressive but he…it basically made it sothat all of Europe didn't starve at the beginning .

Of the 19th century. J: Right. But…but I'm just saying, I'm justsaying there were lots of historical actors, important historical actors, who weren't crazy. H: Yes. That's true. J: I feel like it's an under-appreciated factof both the history… of both history and the history of science like…Cantor, forinstance, hugely important mathematician but, like, these days, famous mostly for devotingthe second half of his life to trying to prove that Shakespeare didn't write Shakespeare. H: Right. .

J: Um, and that seems to me, it seems to mea little unfortunate that we end up conflating genius and insanity. There does seem to bea bit of casual relationship between the two. H: I, ah, I would like to see some data onthat. J: [laughs] Well, I mean, I, I, I know a lotof crazy people who aren't geniuses. H: [undecipherable talking under John] What? J: I said I, I know a lot of crazy peoplewho aren't geniuses. Um… H: It's true. John: Including myself, um.. H: It's true. I think what, what we reallyneed to do is, is sort of figure out the per-capita .

Level of crazy. J: Right, um… H: It's prpbably pretty high. J: Yeah, I don't know, I mean I think it's
probably pretty high. For Hank, besides the AP Curriculum, how do you determine what totalk about in the Biology Crash Course videos? Well first he chooses what's sexy. Hank: That's true actually! J: Really? Hank: Ah, we try and find things where wecan have the title of the video have the word .

Sex in it. J: [laughs] H: Which is pretty easy in biology. (?)Um, no, it's, ah, it's … J: Keep it classy, Green. H: It's the stuff that I really enjoy, that,um, eheheh we like to have it all, you know it's ten minutes long so there has to be kindof a narrative, um, and so we try and, and when we're figuring out what to talk aboutto create a, ah, a story around it, but generally we do choose a lot of it based on exact, like,those, that exact, criteria, which is, you know we're trying to teach a course here,and so there's standards that have been decided .

Upon, and I may not agree with them, but we'regoing to agree with them, because otherwise we're not helping people. So.. J: Right. Yeah, I think it's important, it'simportant to note there that, um, Hank and I, both, when we're making these videos andreally, and also in SciShow and, um, and in Vlogbrothers too like, we do look for narratives.We look for ways to tell stories, like even though I was sick yesterday, and I'm stillquite sick, I apologize by the way if I'm off my game a little bit, but my, my headis pounding with tiny chicken poop. Um, even then, um, I try to make a, a, a storyabout Sarah calling me, and telling me that I had to vote and going to vote, and when,when I'm making history videos I think about .

That a lot, I think about the fact that thisis a show, um… J: …and history is a narrative and that'sone of the ways to make it engaging and to, to, to make the learning process, I thinkdeeper in a way, is if you can engage with it as narrative and not just engage with itas a set of facts that appear to have been, like, laid at your door step that you nowhave to memorize, um, so.. for instance, a lot of people have asked if there's any waythat we could ever make a Crash Course about math, or math is just “too boring”. Well,the truth of math is that it's not boring at all, as you know if you watch Vi Hart videos.Um, math is really exciting, and it's also in many ways, very narrative. I mean, Hankwas talking about the history of science but .

The history of math is-is, equally exciting,and, uh, and in the same way that the history of science is marked by these, y'know, hugediscoveries that then lead to these big consolidations of knowledge, the same thing happened in thehistory of mathematics. And, y'know, talking about that from a historical perspective turnsit into a narrative and I think it makes it a lot more fun to learn about, so I do thinkthere is a way to teach math and to have it be really interesting. H: I have a question from moymoymccardo. Itis, “Michael Aranda is awesome!!!” J: (laughs) I wasn't aware that that was aquestion. Um, I've never doubted Michael Aranda's awesome. .

H: (laughs) J: Um. Okay Hank, people…eeh…Hector Hernandezsays, “Where do you get your information from in Crash Course and why don't you cite it?”It's a good question. H: Do you not cite it? K: Biology does citations every video. H: Katherine, who is in charge of citations,says that Biology does citations on every video, so this question is clearly for John. J: Well, biology, yeah, the biology part isreally well cited. Um. We don't-we don't cite things because, um, I wouldn't know how tobegin citations. So for when we begin, we .

Talk-we've done a couple of videos-I don'tthink any of them have uploaded yet-where we talk about sort of deep reads of a book,a famous book of history. So we'll take, y'know, one of these modern historical classics andwe'll use it as a way into talking about some historical phenomenon like talking about theColumbian Exchange, for instance, um, which was the exchange of microbes and people andplants and animals between the-Europe and Asia and Africa, and the Americas. Umm…and in that we're going to cite a source because much of the-much of the conversation thatwe're having is about a book. But when we're talking about sort of these broad historical,um…trends we don't cite sources because they're not really…that source-y. But Iguess we could do better citations and that's .

A good suggestion, and we'll look-we'll lookto it. H: I do-I will tell you that it is a painin the butt. J: Well, um. That's the other reason we don'tdo it. H: (laughs) J: I don't like to do things that are hard.Um. Yeah, do you have other questions? We have five minutes left in our big show, Hank,that we're not going to be able to show, and we have to upload it. Do you think-can weupload it to, ummm… H: What we'll do is, uh, is what- we'll haveit uploaded to Crash Course as a video that is unlisted and we will tweet it from theCrash Course account. .

J: Why can't we list it? Why can't we justshow it to the people? H: I don't know, 'cause maybe in the futurewe will want to- 'cause I don't- 'cause you have a policy of not putting- J: Well, we can unlist it- we can unlist itlater. H: What do you mean? What? J: We can- we can just make it unlisted later? H: Oh, I see. Okay. I think- J: That's gonna work. Yeah let's do it. We'reputting it up! H: Okay. .

J: I-I- Hank, I am the one with the face here.I make the decisions. H: (laughs) The face is in charge! J: The face makes the show! H: Well, let's… J: Well, you used to have a face. I remember…nowI'm feeling nostalgic for early in the live show when you had a face. H: Sorry, I know. J: Those were the best parts. H: When I had a face and I wasn't just a disembodiedvoice. .

J: Y'know. I always-I always get nostalgicfor the recent past. In this case it's thirty minutes ago when you had a voice. Um, butwe will, uh. Maybe we'll upload one gag reel now and one next week. What do you think ofthat, Hank? H: That sounds like a good plan. J: All right, so we'll upload-we'll uploadmine that you sort of got to see now, and we'll upload Hank's, which I have to say iseven funnier, and if anything….the thing that's surprising most about watching yourgag reel, Hank, is watching how often you had to be bleeped. H: (laughs) I figured that's what you wouldsay, just then. .

J: Umm…It didn't surprise me how often Ihad to be bleeped (laughs) H: Uhh yes, I uh J: Yeah. H: It's a dirty time, there in the studio. J: Well it's-for me at least it's very highpressure, because I know we only have…I know we only have like, y'know, six hoursor whatever to film two episodes, and I get really mad at myself and I can't say thingsright. And, uhm, the way that I deal with getting really mad at myself is saying wordsI shouldn't say. Michael Aranda: I have a question for bothof you that's kind of related to that. Before .

You guys did Crash Course and SciShow, youboth mostly just filmed by yourself, in a bedroom or whatever, without other peoplearound, so what was the transition like, having to go into a studio, where all of a suddenyou've got someone working the camera, and someone doing script supervision, and y'know,for Hank there's like, snake handlers in the room or whatever. J: Right. (laughs) H: There were snake handlers. J: Right. I mean, one of the keys to my successis no snakes, H: And what? No snake handlers? .

J: I don't do well with snakes and I don'tdo well with people who do well with snakes. H: Oh. Um, yeah, it was definitely a transitionthe first time I went into the studio, and I was like, “Okay, there's people in herewith me.” I was not very natural, I was not very comfortable. Umm. I have gotten overthat, it's still definitely more pressure than filming at home, and I definitely feeldrained after
ward, and I'm like, “Oooh, I need to go to sleep now”, and-oh, good I'mglad that you have that. We have a wrap-up question, an excellent wrap-up question fromCGP Grey. J: Well can I first-can I first answer thatquestion that Michael just asked? H: I thought you did, already. .

J: No. H: Okay, well- J: I-I only had a joke answer. The real answeris that I didn't feel awkward at all but it's because it's Stan and Danica. Like, the otherday a reporter for the Chicago Tribune was watching me record and I was super bad…umm,and not in the good way, but in the genuinely bad way. Umm, I was really awkward, and Iwas talking too fast and I couldn't get my lines out and it was really interesting, becauseI just, I had a level of comfort with Stan and Danica immediately that I just don't havewith most people and it was a good lesson, which is that, um, I can't do it in frontof just anyone. It has to be the right um, .

The right people, so it's because I'm friendswith them and I like them, and they're nerdfighters, and it doesn't feel awkward. If it feels awkward,if I feel like I'm being watched, I get very bad. H: Yeah. Yeah we had like six people in thestudio the other day because we had a bug handler, and he came in with some giant bugs. J: Bug handler! H: Really cool… J: Wow, I do not like bug handlers. H: Um, some giant rhinoceros beetles thatare like the size of your fist… .

J: Shut up. H: (laughs) and they had- and we brought ina-he had a pupa, he had a rhinoceros beetle in the pupa stage… J: Aw God… H: …in a hard casing but it's like writhingaround. it's sooo cool. J: Ugh god. You how know I know that Henryis my son, Hank? H: What? J: Before we get to the wrap-up question canI tell you how I know Henry is my son? H: No. .

J: We saw a beetle the other day, and we werewalking in the woods and we saw a beetle, and Henry said, “Daddy, beeeetle!” and I waslike “Oh God!” and I pulled him away, of course, because y'know beetles are very harmful potentially. H: (laughs) J: And about five minutes later we were justwalking along the edge of the White River and Henry looks up at me and says “Daddy,beetles, scawwy!” (laughs) H: (laughs) I was, ah, I wasn't particularlycomfortable with the rhinoceros beetles but I was very excited by them. J: Yeah, I mean this beetle was the size ofmaybe a roach, but even so I was terrified. .

H: Yeah. J: Aaughh…pfwoarrgh…alright so movingon, what's the wrap-up question from our friend CGP Grey? H: Our friend CGP Grey says, “If you're lookingfor a wrap-up question, where do you see Crash Course in a year or two?” J: That's a great question, I'll let you handleit. H: No. Just a black screen talking. J: (laughs) H: Umm…I ahh, I think that there are multiplepaths for Crash Course, and they all excite .

Me and some of them are smaller scale andsome of them are much larger…um. What I'd really like is for there to be broader infrastructurebehind the videos where it's not just a video, but it has a place where it lives, there'sa sort of a better question-and-answer system than YouTube comments, there are potentially,like, worksheets, or… other resources whether or not they're physical or not. Umm, waysto, ways to reemphasize the information you've got into your head during this Crash Courseepisode because watching a show is one thing, but watching it and taking a worksheet ortaking a short quiz to reinforce it, and then a couple weeks down the line, doing that again,you really end up with a lasting knowledge of the topic, and that seems like the sortof thing, like an innovation on top of an .

Innovation… H: …that could really be powerful. Umm sothat's something that I'd really like to do, but as far as it being significantly differentthan it is now, just more of it, hopefully. J: Yeah. Yeah, I'd like there to be more,I'd like there to be more teachers and more courses and more, more stuff, that's the firstthing that I would like, and I would also like, what Hank wants. Um, and I'd reallylike to expand the idea to include background on historical events, so for instance, whenyou see the Greek debt crisis, or when, y'know, Greece is having a debt crisis, which thesedays is usually, Crash Course could provide a place where you could go and get backgroundboth on debt crises and traditional sovereign .

Defaults over the course of history and howthat generally affects national economies, and whether austerity historically has ledto faster recoveries than defaults, and questions like that, but you could also get historicalbackground on Greece's economy, or if you're looking at the Syrian riots. Not riots, Ishould say revolution. But you can go and you can get background on the history of Syriaover the last hundred or two hundred years that will allow you to have a better-formedopinion about news stories that are going on today. So I see that as within the ideaof Crash Course and what Crash Course is really about and what we can do well. So I'd liketo expand it into that as well. H: That's wonderful. Umm. This is an excitingthing that we're doing together, John. .

J: Aww, thanks. I hope so, I mean, they decideif it's exciting, not us. But we are having fun doing it and it's a real privilege tobe able to do it and we feel really, really lucky so, uh, thank you guys, all for watching,and thank you for being awesome, and Hank, thank you for being a black screen so thatI could be the star of the show, that was very generous of you. H: (laughs) Yeah, thanks to all 4,152 of you,sorry to leave you in the cold, but we will still be on TheCrashCourse on Twitter, andyou will see our first outtakes reel being uploaded to Crash Course, J: All right. Don't forget to be awesome! .

Hank and John spend an hour together hanging out live and answering viewer questions. Only a couple of technical problems. 🙂 Support CrashCourse on Subbable: