One of the most common types of essays you will have to write at university as well as on the IELTS or TOEFL is a comparison essay. In this lesson, I will teach you some useful words that will help you to compare things. By the end of this video, you will be able to use terms such as “alike”, “similar”, “in the same way”, “likewise”, and more. Take my quiz at the end for more experience using these words. http://www.engvid.com/writing-6-ways-to-compare/
Hello. My name is Emma, and in today’s video, I am going to teach you some key words you can use when you talk about how things are the same or similar. Okay? So when you compare two things — when you’re comparing apples and oranges, there are some similarities. They’re both fruits. When you’re comparing shopping to skiing, when you’re comparing a city to a country or the countryside — there is a certain language we like to use when we’re saying how these things are similar or the same. In this video, I’m going to teach you a bunch of expressions you can use when comparing two things to show their similarities. Okay? So this video is called “Talking about similarities”.
So for this video, I decided I wanted to do a theme. I wanted to look at how Canada and England are similar. In what ways are they very much alike? Okay? So each of my sentences are going to have to do with Canada and England, and we’re going to look at how they’re alike using these comparison words.
So for those of you watching, if you are doing the TOEFL, these words are essential. If you are doing the IELTS — very important vocabulary here. General English, you can use these at university for essays, college, or even just general conversation. So let’s get started.
Okay. So how are Canada and England the same? Well, I would say, first of all, both Canada and England have a queen. Both Canada and England have Queen Elizabeth. So one word we often use when we’re talking about similarities is this word, “both”. Both Canada and England have a queen. Both Canada and England have trees. Both Canada and England have cities. Okay? So there are a lot of different things you can compare. This is just one of them.
Now, I want to say why I wrote the word “beginning” here. “Both” often comes at the beginning of a sentence. And notice how the construction is. We have both A and B. Another example, “Both cats and dogs are animals.” “Both hamsters and mice are rodents.” Okay? So we use this a lot when we’re comparing.
We can also say “like”. In this case, we’re not saying, “I like Canada” or “I like” — you know, showing preference — we’re again showing similarity. “Like Canada, England has many immigrants.” Canada has many immigrants. England has many immigrants. “Like Canada, England has many immigrants.” And again, you’ll notice “like” is at the beginning of the sentence. It’s often — not always, but often — at the beginning. We have it followed by a noun. I could change this to something else. Imagine if I wanted to compare cats and dogs. “Like cats, dogs have fur.” Okay? I could say that. If I’m comparing men and women, “Like women, men are human.” Okay? It’s not the greatest of comparisons, but you can use these types of words when you’re comparing. Okay?
So now, I have some other things I want to compare. In England, they speak English. In Canada, we also speak English. Not everybody, but many Canadians speak English. Some speak French, but a lot of people speak English. So I’m going to teach you some words you can use when comparing these two sentences. “In England, they speak English. Similarly, in Canada many people speak English, too. In comparison, in Canada many people also speak English. In the same way, in Canada many people speak English.” And finally, another way similar to this but slightly different, “Likewise, in Canada many people speak English.”
So these are a little bit different from these ones. They all mean how they are the same. But you’ll notice one of the differences here is these are followed by a comma. “Likewise, comma.” And then, we have the rest of the sentence. These go at the beginning of the sentence. Okay? In case you can’t tell, this is a period. So we have our first sentence, “In England, they speak English. Similarly, in Canada many people speak English.” Okay? So you can use these in your writing. They would really, really help on your TOEFL, IELTS, or university essays to help you get a better mark.
Improve Your Writing – 6 ways to compare
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30 thoughts on “Improve Your Writing – 6 ways to compare”
Welcome to Arabic
To be honest, I fell in love with this girl guys 🙂
Clear explanations !
Emma, thanks so much! It was excellent!
My god, I understand everything!
Thats true. Emma you are my. Favourite teacher. Thanks 1 million
Thanks emmma ❤
Imagine how great her english teacher 👩🏫
Like you, I like the way engVid´s teachers teach.
You're an inspiring English tutor! Hugs from Algeria.
Emma, you are the mater of English all over the world.
Love from India. Thank you very much.
People around the world love football. Similarly, I'm a big fan of this sport
Good teachar 😍
Thanks a lor for sharing!!!!
Thank you ma'am. 🇮🇳
Is it correct if I write like the following
They speak english in England and in Canada likewise.
If I am wrong,would you mind correcting my sentence.
Okay, 6 years ago ~
Hey,your speaking style is nice.are you a NLP practioner?
Hi, are you providing any online writting class
Maam , u r amazing
LV. 85💙 clunty club
Club unkiss no English
Many people English ESid
English a can free google FC. 555 stop people a D
usa yas ๆๆๆ
Uk English ?
Hi ive just been practicing how to compare things in English and i made this sentences (it is the smallest town in comparison with others)then i douted that i shoudn't use est at the end of small because est is used to compare things so I dont need to use the word comparison and it has to be( it is the smallest town)am i right?
HI,I am from Bangladesh.I saw your another video Today.I liked your video every lesson,Because your all video verry educational and helpfull for south weast every student.Actually,your talk speed is something slow,so,I loved your video.I can not learn high speed talking video. Because,I weak or Beginner on English.
Beast Of Luck
Thanks mam excellent explanation
_ newton cannot be _ Milton…. What will be ans of this anyone?