5 Craziest Things I’ve Found In Dead Bodies

It's not abnormal because it's small anddeflated. It's abnormal for another reason. Now, this fissure here, or this crack separatesthe lobes here and for those of you who've maybe taken an anatomy class you've already figuredout what's abnormal about this right lung. Welcome to the lab everyone! Today we're going to show you five crazy thingswe found in dead bodies, or in other words, things we found that we didn't expect tofind while doing anatomical dissections. You see, when we get a donated body wedon't get every little detail about their health history like previous surgeries,previous trauma, or chronic conditions. We mostly just get age,gender, and cause of death. So, .

That means any anatomical abnormalitythat wasn't related to their death we wouldn't know about unless we exploredthe body through anatomical dissection. So, let's take a look at thosefive things we found in the bodies. From abnormal lungs, ovaries, to evenwhat cancer can do to surrounding tissues. In other words, let's get ready forthis abnormal anatomical awesomeness! So, before we start I want to say thank you toall those who donate their bodies to science. We could not educate students in the sameway without these amazing anatomical gifts. Sometimes they give us more than we bargained forby showing us some cool anatomical abnormalities. Let's start with our first one, well countingbackwards at number five with the “Abnormal Lung.” .

So, take a look at this lunghere, this is a right lung, this is the back side of the lung, thelateral aspect or the side of the lung. Here's the anterior aspect of the lung. So, if I held it up to me, it would essentially sit like so,with the back side and the front here. Now, it's not abnormal because it's small anddeflated, it's abnormal for another reason. Now, this fissure here or this crack separatesthe lobes here and for those of you who've maybe taken an anatomy class you've already figuredout what's abnormal about this right lung. But if you haven't, let's jump over to theother body to show you a normal right lung. .

So, here's our thoracic cavityor our chest cavity dissection. Here you can see the heart and itspericardial sac and all of its glory here. But, let's take a look at the lungs. Everybody always loves poking the lungs because they're nice and gushy andelastic and feel with air. Obviously they're deflated, but this right lung you can see again thosedivisions or these fissures or cracks. Here's one lobe, a second lobe and if Iremove these out of the way you can see a third lobe down where mypointer finger is wiggling. .

Over here on the left side you'vegot a left lung with one lobe. If I remove that down in thereyou can see the second lobe. So, hopefully seeing the normal right lung gaveyou a hint as to what's different about this one. This right lung is missing a lobe. It only has one, and two lobes. Normally right lungs have threelobes, and left lungs have two lobes. But, this one was an anatomical variant. Now this person didn't have a lobectomy. We didn't see any surgicalincisions when we did the exploring, and these lungs filled the entirety ofthe right side of the thoracic cavity. .

So, it's pretty crazy to thinkabout that sometimes you can get a variation in lobe numbers from person to person. Now what some of you may bewondering is if it's missing a lobe would that affect lung capacityand again if this is how the person came and the lobe wasn't removedsurgically the answer is not so much. The important part is the tubing inside. So again if we take a look at this abnormallung, here, you can see some of this tubing that I've exposed by removing someof the lung tissue from this lobe. But, that tubing that's going downand branching into the lung tissue .

These start as BronchopulmonaryBuds or little tiny buds of tubes. While you're developing inside mom and thosetubes continue to grow and develop and as they're growing and developing the lungtissue starts to wrap around these tubes and certain fusions takeplace between the lung tissue and the various tubes, which startsdividing the lung into different lobes. Now as long as the person has all theBronchopulmonary Segments or this tubing going within the lobes that they have, they'regoing to have lung capacity that is sufficient. They found variation in different cadaver labs; they've seen right lungs withtwo lobes and even four lobes. .

In some cases they found leftlungs with even three lobes and so, those variations again as long as theyhave the proper Bronchopulmonary Segments or the proper tubing going into the variationsin the lobes that they have they should be okay. But, again most of us come with threeon the right and two on the left. Number four, the structure that we startedto refer to as the “Stuck Achilles.” For this one let's look at a normal achillesfirst and then we'll go to the abnormal one. So as you can see we're looking at the posterior aspect of the lower leg orthe back of the lower calf. We often refer to this as the calf muscle butit's technically called the Gastrocnemius muscle. .

Then, you can see this amazingtendon called the Achilles Tendon. Technically the Calcaneal Tendon. But, this is the largest and strongest tendonin the human body, and if we get close you might be able to see a fiber orientation of thesecollagen fibers going in all the same direction. Because this tendon is made of adense regular connective tissue. Which is really important to helpit be strong in this one direction. Again regular because the collagenfibers are aligned in these rows here and when this muscle contracts thetendon therefore pulls the heel upward. Now look at how glossy this tendon isup at the Musculotendinous Junction. .

Here you're not going to see that on theabnormal Achilles that we're going to show you. We're going to look up here and see a majordifference on the abnormal one in just a second. So the abnormal Achilles is from thesame body, just the different leg, and you can see it looks relativelynormal from here to here. Even when we get up to that Musculotendinous Junction you can see that nice distinctionbetween the tendon and the muscle belly. But if I rotate it towards you a little bit,here, if you look closely it’s nice and glossy and then it starts to change a little bit andthe tissue looks a little bit more frayed. I always say “goopy” to people, and themuscle belly of the medial aspect of .

That calf muscle is scrunched upwardmore so than it normally would be. This is all scar tissue from apartially ruptured Achilles tendon. Now one of the things that wasalso interesting about this is when I was dissecting this tissue Ihad to reference this tissue here. This white tissue is called Fascia. Now keep in mind that Fascia would continue downlike a sleeve over the muscle and the tendons here, and usually I can slide Fascia up anddown underneath it relatively easily and gently. I can peel it away from the muscle or the tendon. But in the case of right here where the Achilles tendon was ruptured it wastotally fused with that scar tissue. .

So I want you to think aboutthat Fascia surrounds muscles but the muscles still need to slideand glide underneath the Fascia. In the case where this guywas ruptured here, the Fascia and the tendon or the scar tissue fromthat partial rupture was fused together. Now think about what would happen everytime the guy got up on his tippy toes. It would try to slide and glide,it would be stuck to the Fascia. So we would yank on it. Likely this person when they were living hadsome tension and tightness going on there and even probably some limited range of motion. .

Now most people, when they rupture theirAchilles they tend to do it lower down, which tends to be a little bit lessof a complicated surgical procedure because you can stitch tendon and tendon together. When you rupture close to theMusculotendinous junction that can be a little bit more ofa complex surgical procedure. But in the case of this particular person likely didn't have surgery becauseagain a partial rupture. But it healed with all that excessive scar tissue. Number three, the “Mutant Ovary.” .

Now in order to see this abnormal Ovarywe've cut a body in the sagittal plane or in other words divided itinto right and left sides. One side's going to have the normal Ovarythe other is going to have the abnormal. Let's take a look at the normal Ovary first. Here, again you can see that sagittal cut. Here's the frame of reference, for thespine or the lower part of the spine here's the pubic bone and we'relooking inside the pelvic cavity. Here’s the Uterus and close by we cansee the structure that we call the Ovary. I'll set it down so you can seeits relationship in its size. .

Here, about the size of analmond, so not a huge structure, and we know the ovaries produceeggs or in other words called Ova. Also, release estrogen and progesterone. But, what about the abnormal Ovary? So, let's take a look at the other side. Again the sagittal cut. You can see the spine, pubic bone, for aframe of reference and again, the Uterus. But oh my goodness! Look at the size of this Ovary, .

It's like quadrupled in sizecompared to the normal Ovary here, and potentially this could be something from PCOSis what we theorize Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Where the ovary develops allthese cysts and enlarges. This particular body also died of breast cancer. Now there's mixed data or mixedliterature that says PCOS can be a risk factor of breast cancer,and other studies say not so much. But it's something to think about. Now it's crazy to think of the size difference. Here again, in the potentialpain that this could cause. .

So again, women, you are troopers,we love you and you're awesome. I mean guys could you imagine what wouldhappen if one of our testes quadrupled in size? We would probably die just fromthe emotional distress alone. Number two, the “Confused Heart.” Now, why would we refer toa heart as being confused? Well, that's probably because theheart “forgot” how to beat properly. Or in other words there was a problem with theconduction, or the electrical system of the heart. Every once while we'll open upcadavers where they have a pacemaker and on this particular heart you can see the wire. .

The wire is often referred to asthe lead of the pacemaker system and if I get close you can really see how thatwire is going into the Right Ventricular Chamber. It attaches to the heart wall orin other words, the heart muscle. So, when it gets an electricalimpulse from the pulse generator, that's typically implanted in the chest, itcan control rate and rhythm more properly for those who have had issues withthe conduction system of the heart. Now one other thing I want to mentionabout the pacemaker system, is that the heart of the pacemaker, pun totally intended,is again that generator which has the battery and creates the stimulus that goes down throughthe lead and therefore makes the heart contract. .

Now it would make a lot of sense to placethat generator in a more superficial position. If say like the battery ever died or we needed toreplace that generator it's a much less intensive procedure or less complicated than having toreplace the lead that's connected to the heart. So definitely we want to get this rightand leave that in relatively permanently. But if we had to ever replacethe generator of the pacemaker that would be a much lessintensive surgical procedure. Number one, “Cancer andthe Wimpy Greater Omentum.” Now what's a Greater Omentum? Well, funny you should ask, because we're going totake a look at this in the abdominal cavity here. .

Now a lot of times when we think of the abdominalcavity we think of the guts or the small intestine that you can see in my hand here. But you would actually see this apron-like structure draping over the small intestine,and this is called the Greater Omentum. Now it's not attached inferiorly. It's actually just attached up tothe stomach and the Transverse Colon. So you can actually reflect itaway and then bring it back down. When we first opened up this cadaverthe first thought I had was “wow, this thing is so thin comparatively to otherGreater Omentum that I've seen in the past, and it's also shifted over to the left side.” .

Now to really appreciate that, let'sshow you a normal looking one. Now here you can see the abdominalcavity of another cadaver. Just to orient you this would be your six-packmuscle underneath this white tissue here. So you reflect the muscle away and that's thefirst thing you would see is that Greater Omentum. You can see this one is a lotthicker, does a better job of covering the majority of the Small Intestine here. What's cool about the Greater Omentum isyou could see from that yellow tissue, it is a place of energy storage. Because it's made of Adipose Tissue. .

It also has Lymph Nodes toprovide some immune function. One really cool thing is it actually will migrate. Remember it's not attached down here, so there'ssome freedom of movement for this structure but it can migrate to areas ofinfection or even areas of trauma. So let's give an example, let's say this littlestructure here called the Appendix ruptured. They have seen cases where the Omentum will migrate around that a little bit and shiftover to there and encapsulate that infection in hopes to essentially stop it from spreadingto other areas throughout the abdominal cavity. So back to this abnormal or the “WimpyGreater Omentum” that had been thinned out. .

This particular body died of ColorectalCancer that metastasized to the Liver. You can actually see some of those nodules orthose areas where the Liver is unhealthy here. That's eventually what unfortunatelycaused this person to pass away. But in regards to the Greater Omentum withthe cancerous nodules in the Colon and the Rectum here, the idea is it possiblyshifted the Omentum over to that side. Oftentimes when people are onchemotherapy and drugs of that nature it can cause a lot of weight loss, so that mighthave also pulled some of the adipose from this. There is a theory that possibly even the cancercells may have used it for an energy source. Thanks for joining us on this tour of fivecrazy things we found on the human body. .

Go ahead and comment below if you've heardof any crazy things that people have found in human bodies or just for future ideas that youguys have for videos that you want us to create. Also you can see we've gotsome cool Anatomical Artwork. We'll put that in the link description— it really helps support our channel. Please smash that like button andsubscribe if you feel the need. We'll see you in the next video.
5 Craziest Things I’ve Found In Dead Bodies ____ In this video, Jonathan from the Institute of Human Anatomy discusses the five strangest abnormalities he’s found in the lab. ____ Cool Stuff mUvmethod https://muvmethod.com/product/all-splits-flexibility-program-public/ref/1/ Coupon Code for 30% OFF: IOHASPLITS30 Codex Anatomicus https://codexanatomy.com/?ref=IOHA Coupon Code for 20% OFF: IOHA20 https://linktr.ee/instituteofhumananatomy ____ Video Timeline 00:00 – 01:00 Intro 01:01 – 04:22 #5 “Abnormal Lung” 04:23 – 07:32 #4 “Stuck Achilles” 07:33 – 09:21 #3 “Mutant Ovary” 09:22 – 10:48 #2 “Confused Heart” 10:49 – 13:21 #1 “Cancer and the Wimpy Omentum” 13:22 – 14:05 Shameless Plugs ____ Audio Credit: www.bensounds.com ____ #Anatomy #Education #Amazing