Venus the goddess of beauty and love a charmingdeity that loves stirring up trouble among humans that is of course according to greek romanmythology and yet thousands of years after the ancients conceptualized the idea of thismischievous goddess and the very civilizations that worshipped her have fallen here we arewe'll look at the sky and we see it a magnificent planet that just like its divine counterpartis guaranteed to make you fall in love welcome the Factnomenal and today we will take you on anotherworldly journey into the meanders of Venus. what if i told you that our home planet earthhad a twin in our same galaxy in our same solar system shocked you'd better be Venus and earth arealmost the same size having about the same mass and have a very similar composition and what'smore they are neighboring planets however they .
Couldn't be more different the Venusian atmosphereis roughly 100 times thicker than earth's trapping sunlight in a disastrous greenhouse effectmaking its surface temperatures extremely hot so hot in fact that lead would meltwith an average temperature of 864 degrees fahrenheit this secures Venus the titleas the hottest planet in the entire solar system while earth is covered with oceans filledwith water and life Venus on the other hand is covered in volcanoes and lava and the surfacepressure there is the same that we'd experience a mile below our oceans and to underscore howdifferent these twins are just think that a day on Venus is 243 days on earth whileone venusian year is only 225 earth days you got it right a venusian day is longer than ayear that's because of its extremely slow rotation .
Speed which is the slowest in our solar system andif that wasn't quirky enough add to it that Venus rotates in the opposite direction than earth andyou'll see how different these twin planets are due to these unique conditions landing a probe onVenus has proven very difficult spacecraft needs shielding to withstand the scorching atmosphereand even robotic landers were only able to survive for a maximum of two hours still despite it alltoday we want to show you the best pictures taken in our 60 years of exploration a sneak peekinto the sublime and elusive beauty of Venus first of all let's take a look from afar we cansee how the entire planet is shrouded in clouds and what's more these cloudsare partly made of oxygen doesn't that make you almost feel at home atthe upper boundary of the venusian troposphere .
The lowest part of the atmosphere where cloudsare formed carbon dioxide and water vapor react with sunlight resulting in an accumulationof oxygen carbon monoxide and hydrogen here comes the twist though oxygen reacts withthe sulfur dioxide present in the troposphere which undergoes a series of chemical reactionsresulting in sulfuric acid vapors these clouds are made of sulfuric acid putting asidehow inhospitable that makes the planet let's keep in mind that Venus is the goddess ofbeauty not of friendliness these beautiful clouds thanks to the high reflective index of sulfuricacid reflects nearly 70 percent of the sunlight shining on the planet making it the brightestobject in our sky right after the sun and moon now let's take a look under the clouds did youknow that Venus is home to some of the tallest .
Mountains in the solar system maxwell montezrises approximately 6.8 miles above the mean planetary radius and is home to giants thatare nearly twice as tall as mount Everest and as expected of Venus everything about theplanet has some quirk to it these mountains for instance are made of an unknown materialunusually reflective to radar wavelengths that's also the reason for their relatively quickdiscovery exactly thanks to this peculiarity in radar images they are one of the brightestfeatures on the planet hence maxwell montez in honor of the British physicist James clerk Maxwellwhose research was the basis for radar technology but enough about simple mountains let's moveon to giant volcanoes here is the Mat Mons the tallest volcano on Venus with an elevation ofabout 5 miles above the main planetary radius .
3.1 miles from the surrounding terrain yes yougot that right a volcano as tall as mount Venus and if that wasn't enough let's addthat it may well be an active volcano a terrifying sight for a volcano named afterthe Egyptian goddess of truth and justice you should also know that the place thesebehemoths reside is what is called a terra a continent-sized highlandarea with very peculiar features let's move on to talk about the biggest andarguably most magnificent of the Venusian terry take a look at Aphrodite Terra Aphrodite hasa size comparable to Africa and an elevation between 0.6 and 3 miles above the mean planetaryradius what makes this terra especially quirky is how it's mostly made of tessera terraintessera meaning mosaic tile is a very fitting .
Name if we consider how these terrains are themost geologically complex region seen on venus highly rugged and deformed displaying parallelridges and troughs cutting across one another at a wide range of angles these tesserae can be socomplex that it is sometimes difficult to even imagine how they came to be the only certaintyis that the lithosphere must have been under incredible stresses probably a consecutionof elevation and crumbling in the same areas together with several other processes thatbuilt up to this weirdly charming surface another geological phenomenon to be aware of isthe one behind the caronae that is to say the so-called crown of Venus typical of lata terra butalso widespread through other areas of the planet these crowns are landmarks that came to be asa result of blobs of hot material moving from .
Deep beneath the surface of the planet outwardstowards the surface in their movement these blobs of material dye appears is their name elevatethe crust and fracture it in a radial pattern as they approach the surface and cool the initiallyraised crust can collapse under its own weight this process results in concentric faults andthe typical outline of a corona a constellation of faults fractures and ridges sometimes in acircular fashion atop a broad and gently sloping elevated terrain indeed these are such caseswhere there's more than meets the eye an entire story an entire geological history of disastersthat culminated in what we now see with wonder it's been 27 years since nasa last launched amission to study the fascinating world of Venus with all the amazing and mysterious things wenow know about the planet it was high time that .
Nasa shifted its focus on earth's evil twin couldVenus be a habitable world full of liquid oceans that of course is the burning question thateveryone wants to know and that's exactly what nasa's DAVINCI mission seeks to find outLori Glaze a nasa research scientist made the following statement Venus is a fascinating planetthat has so many mysteries yet for us to discover and i think we need to better understandit we need to get back to Venus the mission is set to be launched at the endof this decade in 2029 the new mission will be carried out in two separate segments withthe first being several flybys of the planet one can only imagine the amazing close-uplook we will get at the planet of love the second segment however is the most excitingyet for the first time ever a probe will be .
Dropped into the planet's upper atmosphere it'simportant to remember that the atmosphere on Venus is about 90 times denser than the atmosphere onplanet earth which will no doubt prove to be a challenge the probe will slowly descend intoVenus's atmosphere and begin taking readings of its composition the main objective here is notonly to collect data on structure and composition but to hunt for any signs of oxygen that couldgive us a clue about the presence of water the DAVINCI will use the compact ultraviolet tovisible imaging spectrometer kuvis an imaging spacecraft to investigate the planet's daysideand collect data about previously undiscovered substances in Venus's upper atmosphere whilethe venous imaging system for observational reconnaissance or visor will explore thenight side of Venus during the second flyby .
To learn more about how theplanet's highlands evolved over time well after almost being neglected for the pastthree decades because it was deemed to be a dead planet by scientists it now looks like Venuswill be getting the attention she finally deserves nasa is shelling out the big box around500 million dollars to be exact and we'll be launching at least two such probes intoits atmosphere and only time will tell how successful they will be as they enter theplanet's hellish and noxious atmosphere and now that we approach the most exciting partof our journey here comes a treat for the eyes during the cold war Russia and Americawere at the forefront of space exploration and we have the Russian space agency to thankfor these pictures of Venus the project name was .
Venera although documentation on the program issparse as it took place in the former soviet union we know that the first successful Venus missiontook place in 1967 with venera 4 replicating the success with Venera 7. and finally in1975 with Venera 9 and 10 we received the first pictures from the Venusian surface theseimages are as you can see in black and white but the mission as a whole signified an enormousadvancement in our studies of the elusive planet sadly the landers didn't survive the ferociousclimate long enough to transmit many images but their success was replicated once againby Venera 13 and 14 this time with color cameras allowing us to witness the surface ofVenus with our own eyes as if we were there Venera 13 survived the astonishing time of 127minutes 127 minutes spent not only taking pictures .
But running all sorts of analyses just like theprevious landers while the Venera 14 survived only little less than one hour the colorpicture showed just how desolate Venus is with its yellowish haze and barren terrain yetthere is a certain primordial beauty to it a feeling that digs inside your heart and resoundswith the knowledge that with your own eyes you are seeing Venus so what do you think wouldyou like to take an up close and personal look at Venus tell us in the comments if you're feelinggenerous you can buy us a coffee with the link in the description this will help us towards ourgoal of bringing you better and longer videos every single day of the week and as alwaysthanks for watching we'll see you next time
Venus, the Goddess of beauty and love: a charming deity that loved stirring up trouble among humans, that is of course, according to Greek-Roman mythology. And yet, thousands of years after the ancients conceptualized the idea of this mischievous Goddess and the very civilizations that worshipped her have fallen, here we are: one look at the sky, and we see it – a magnificent planet that, just like its divine counterpart, is guaranteed to make you fall in love. Welcome to Factnomenal and today we will take you on an otherworldly journey into the meanders of Venus. Buy us a coffee to show your support! https://www.buymeacoffee.com/Factnomenal What did NASA photograph on Venus? | Real Pictures DON’T CLICK THIS LINK: https://tinyurl.com/357shs3j Thanks for watching Factnomenal! 🌎 Subscribe for more space discoveries, space facts, and space in general! 🔔 Hit the bell next to subscribe so you never miss a video! ► For copyright matters, make sure to send us an email to Adam@trustedmiddle.com #venus #factnomenal #venusphotos