Black holes are the Darth Vaders of the universeevil entities that gobble up even light itself and from which no escape is possible born beforedeath they are the invincible consequences of Einstein's theory of gravity and thecomfortable laws of physics are turned on their heads if you get too close to one StephenHawking in his classic a brief history of time described the spaghettification that a celestialwanderer would experience as their bodies and very molecules will be pulled apart andstretched in this wretched one-sided encounter thus the narrative of the cosmic boogeyman goesbut turns out it's not so simple after all and it's our old reliable Hubble space telescopethat is turning our conventional wisdom about black holes inside out welcome the fact nominalin today's video we plunge into the role of .
The black hole as pro-gender of life ratherthan harbinger of death and destruction and the evidence is clear black holes are muchless one-dimensional than we ever realized if you want to see a black hole tonight tonightjust look in the direction of sagittarius the constellation that's the center of the milkyway galaxy and there's a raging black hole at the very center of that constellationthat holds the galaxy together the words of theoretical physicist Dr Michio Kaku reflectjust how accepted the existence of black holes in our universe has become but this was not alwaysthe case just over a century ago as world war 1 raged around the planet Albert Einstein publishedhis revolutionary theory of general relativity among the many gravitational mysteries solvedthat made Einstein a scientific celebrity .
Was a bizarre movement by the planet mercurythat could not be explained by the gravity of the sun or other planets a new interior planetVulcan was even proposed in the 19th century to explain the shift in mercury's orbitgeneral relativity took care of that but from it sprang such novel ideas as theexpanding universe and black holes and just to be clear these revolutionary concepts were farfrom universally accepted even by Einstein in 1939 Einstein concluded in the annals of mathematicsthat support for black holes was not convincing and they existed only in theories not inthe real world my how times have changed Cygnus x1 was the first black hole discovered wayback in 1964 three whole years before the term black hole was ever used ten years later evidencewas still shaky enough that the two leading black .
Hole physicists Stephen Hawking and Kip Thorneplaced a bet on whether Cygnus x1 was actually a black hole it took until 1990 for hawking toconcede with 100 certainty that it was indeed the entity that Einstein both predicted and rejectedfor the record their wager was a subscription to an adult magazine since then about50 black holes have been discovered by inferring their existence from studying theproperties of normal stars that they orbit and we expect there to be some 10 millionscattered through our milky way alone in 2019 astronomers were able to capture thefirst ever images of a supermassive black hole m87 found at the center of the Messier 87 galaxyand now astronomers have direct evidence that these formerly cold-hearted villains thesemausoleums of cosmic matter are in fact .
Also capable of actually feeding the birth ofwhole new stars a nurturing black hole who knew the black holes of nature are the most perfectmacroscopic objects there are in the universe the only elements in their construction areour concepts of time and space astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar expressed admirationfor these misunderstood cosmic wonders and now there's more reason to approach them with awemuch of our newest discovery of the widely varied effects of black holes is thanks to Dr Amy Rainesassistant professor in the department of physics at Montana State university it was her work 11years ago as a graduate student that first pointed to a massive black hole in dwarf galaxy Henize2-10 some 34 million light years away and believed to be a quite young addition to the family ofgalaxies from the beginning i knew something .
Unusual and special was happening in Henize 2-10and now Hubble has provided a very clear picture of the connection between the black hole and aneighboring star-forming region reigns now says other astronomers had suggested that what her teamdetected was instead the work of a supernova but that counter theory has been put to rest nowreigns is the principal investigator on the new Hubble observations published in January 2022in the journal nature and while astronomers have seen enormous black holes ripping apart stars aswell as feeding dense clouds for star formation in large galaxies seeing the cosmic umbilical cord insuch a young and small galaxy is something new and what they are seeing is spectacular a tendrilof gas from the galactic heart of Henize 2-10 some 490 light years long has an electricallycharged ionized gas ejecting at 1.1 million .
Miles per hour and into a dense cloud of gasthat is in effect a nursery for newborn stars a cocoon Hubble's amazing resolution clearly showsa corkscrew-like pattern in the velocities of the gas which we can fit to the model of a precessingor wobbling outflow from a black hole a supernova remnant would not have that pattern and so itis effectively our smoking gun proof that it is a black hole explains rings the effect of thissupercharged spray from Henize 2-10's black hole is startling the dense gases that the outflowfeeds into are then spread out in all directions and filling them are newborn star clusters babystars Montana State astrophysicist Zachary Schutte notes that this discovery is a first for galaxyso young and small before our work supermassive black hole enhanced star formation had only beenseen in much larger galaxies Schutte also says .
That while researchers would like to study moreexamples of this phenomenon systems like Henize 2-10 are not common and obtaining high qualityresults is difficult however Hubble was able to capture not only images but spectroscopicevidence of the black hole's outflow clearly just imagine what the James Webb space telescopemay tell us about this marvelous discovery supermassive black holes exist at the centerof most if not all galaxies and most often they spew superheated jets of material at almost lightspeed gas clouds that encounter these intensely hot sprays are unable to cool enough to form starsbut not so with the kinder and gentler black hole of Henize 2-10 if material is being released ata much slower rate and the collision with the dense gas cloud is fortunate to create the rightconditions for starburst a kind of goldilocks zone .
For cradling baby stars astronomers hope to studydwarf galaxies further to help understand how the first seeds of supermassive black holes not onlyformed but evolved through our universe's history black holes aren't as black as they are paintedthey are not the eternal prisons they were once thought to be things can get out of a blackhole both on the outside and possibly another universe so if you feel you were in a blackhole don't give up there's a way out feel free to test Stephen Hawking's observation of thesewonders but i prefer to take his word for it so what do you think about this incrediblediscovery of the nurturing nature of what are undoubtedly the universe's most fearsome and yetmisunderstood citizens with Webb and soon roman getting ready to unlock cosmic doorswhat would you most like to discover .
About our universe tell us in the comments andas always thank you for watching Factnomenal
A black hole at the heart of the dwarf galaxy Henize 2-10 is creating stars rather than gobbling them up. Can Black Holes really be a progenitor of life rather than a harbinger of death and destruction? New observations by the Hubble Telescope show a very different side of these these mysterious entities… A side that would even make Stephen Hawking question everything we know about them. Black holes are known as the Darth Vaders of the universe, evil entities that gobble up even light itself and from which no escape is possible. Born from death, they are the invincible consequences of Einstein’s theory of gravity, and the comfortable laws of physics are turned on their heads if you get too close to one. Stephen Hawking, in his classic “A Brief History of Time,” described the “spaghettification” that a celestial wanderer would experience as their bodies and very molecules would be pulled apart and stretched in this wretched, one-sided encounter. Thus, the narrative of the cosmic boogeyman goes. But turns out, it’s not so simple after all, and it’s our old reliable Hubble Space Telescope that is turning our conventional wisdom about black holes inside out. And the evidence is clear—black holes are much less one-dimensional than we ever realized. Buy us a coffee to show your support! https://www.buymeacoffee.com/Factnomenal DON’T CLICK THIS LINK: https://tinyurl.com/357shs3j Thanks for watching Factnomenal! 🌎 Subscribe for more space discoveries, space facts, and space in general! 🔔 Hit the bell next to subscribe so you never miss a video! ► For copyright matters, make sure to send us an email to Adam@trustedmiddle.com #hubble #factnomenal #blackholes