Astronomers Prepare For Cataclysmic Collision of Two Supermassive Black Holes

In a perfect world astronomers would haveunlimited access to wonderful telescopes and unfettered resources to scour the universebeing imperfect however means that researchers must scramble to reserve observation timefor unique celestial events and glimpses of the out of the ordinary so when a cue forms for anever-before-seen spectacle that may light up the cosmos with an explosion of light we naturally payattention like now it's two super massive black holes with a combined mass of hundreds of millionsof our sons and they appear to be on a collision course with each other what their cataclysmicencounter will unleash is anyone's guess but it's very likely to be spectacular welcome toFactnomenal in today's video we peer across deep space at an event that has long been predictedbut never witnessed by humanity what will we see .

For ages events astronomers witness in real timehave been as much about the luck of looking at the right place at the right time as any warning thatan unusual event is coming on top of that it seems highly unlikely that a telescope first put intocommission almost three-quarters of a century ago would make a meaningful contributionto the study of black holes perhaps the universe's most bizarre showcase of the laws ofphysics but in 2017 the 48-inch Samuel Oschin telescope at California's Palomar Observatory wasdramatically upgraded with the ZTF camera capable of covering 47 square degrees of sky per image andnow with nightly surveys of the entire visible sky looking for the rare and the exotic astronomershave detected what may well be a collision of historic proportions a team led by Ning Jiang ofthe university of Science and Technology of China .

Working with data glean from the ZTF camera atPalomar stumbled across the rare and the exotic my first instinct was that it must be relatedto a pair of supermassive black holes he said even more unusual is what appears to be happening as soon as 100 days from now the twosupermassive black holes may collide tick tock that's the sound of the cosmic countdownthe team believes it detected in the center of a galaxy some 1.2 billion light years from earth thedetection of periodic cycles began when Ning Jiang noticed a unique behavior with the light curvebeaming from the galaxy the signal was interpreted to be from a binary pair of black holes that arethe active galactic nucleus which dramatically heat material drawn in and cause the galaxy toshine extremely brightly very interesting in its .

Own right but a small number of these have beendetected by x-ray telescopes and they're hundreds of light years apart and won't collide formillions if not billions of years and astronomers say the likelihood of seeing such a collisionfrom earth is perhaps one in ten thousand in any given year at least until this year now we switchgears from very interesting to a possible once in ten millennia chance to witness it actuallyhappen here's why the cycles detected by the team shortened dramatically over just three years goingfrom one year to only one month their observations were confirmed by NASA's orbiting Neil GarrillSwift Observatory the team says data shows the black holes with a combined mass of hundreds ofmillions of suns get as close to each other as the sun in Pluto and will collide in the next 100to 300 days and their just released study states .

The supermassive black hole binaries are in thelast stage of orbital evolution gravitational wave radiation drives the binary in spiral and producesthe loudest siren awaiting to be detected the team expects a burst across the entire electromagneticspectrum from gamma rays to radio waves and a massive emission of neutrinos in plain englishgrab a bag of popcorn we might be in for a show predictions vary for the end of this cosmiccountdown anywhere from three months to three years from now and exactly what will be seen asanybody's guess since this incredible event has only been theorized by astronomers they've beenpredicted for years just never witnessed in real time Andrew fabian professor at the instituteof astronomy at the university of Cambridge says it's a singularly unique opportunity tosee something holy new he said it's never been .

Witnessed before at the moment there's quite a lotof gas but the violent acceleration of the orbits as they approach each other may cause a massiveoutflow of gas this could be quite luminous or could even obscure the situation astronomersdon't quite know how supermassive black holes attain their massive size with some reaching 20billion times the mass of the sun this may be the chance to see if the enormous size of some ofthe giants is in fact due to merging with other black holes these monsters exist in the center ofnearly if not all galaxies and as galaxies merge it's very likely their black holes get caughtup with each other's gravitational forces and the collision could be spectacularon a scale we can only imagine tick tock as can be expected astronomers are racingto lock in telescope observation time in the .

Coming weeks and months team member Juan Yangof the perimeter institute in waterloo Canada says we've seen people acting pretty fast allover the planet researchers are pouring over radio observation archives to confirm the signaland looming event if the boom happens says Emma of Concrete Observatory in Hungary it willconfirm many things there should be a huge burst across the electromagnetic spectrum fromgamma rays to radio fabian has applied for time on nasa's neutron star interior composition exploreran x-ray telescope on the international space station he says if it's true then it's importantto get as many observations as possible now to see what it's doing rare events do happen and yangpredicts many cosmological loose ends will be tied up if astronomers are able to witness thismomentous merging he says you'll be able to test .

All your predictions using this single example sowhat do you think about the possible collision of two supermassive black holes will it fizzle orwill it swing open doors to understanding more about our amazing universe tell us in the commentsand as always thank you for watching Factnomenal
Scientists are scrambling to prepare for the biggest collision ever witnessed by humanity. In a perfect world, astronomers would have unlimited access to wonderful telescopes and unfettered resources to scour the universe. Being imperfect, however, means that researchers must scramble to reserve observation time for unique celestial events and glimpses of the out of the ordinary. So, when a queue forms for a never-before seen spectacle that may light up the cosmos with an explosion of light, we naturally pay attention. Like now. It’s two supermassive black holes, with a combined mass of hundreds of millions of our Suns, and they appear to be on a collision course with each other. What their cataclysmic encounter will unleash is anyone’s guess, but the expression of energy will literally shake the entire universe. In today’s video we peer across deep space at an event that has long been predicted but never witnessed by humanity. What will we see? Buy us a coffee to show your support! DON’T CLICK THIS LINK: Thanks for watching Factnomenal! 🌎 Subscribe for more space discoveries, space facts, and space in general! 🔔 Hit the bell next to subscribe so you never miss a video! ► For copyright matters, make sure to send us an email to #blackholes #factnomenal #space