Solid liquid gas and plasma a simple and orderlyhierarchy of matter that school children the world over can recite but what if we could combinethe properties of two of these and create a whole new hybrid form of matter that seeminglyviolates known laws of physics for example think of a solid liquid combination along thelines of the sci-fi classic Terminator 2 Judgment Day you would theoretically get the crystallinestructure of a solid that flows like a liquid and its possible applications are mind-blowingand now it's no longer theoretical welcome to Factnomenal in today's video we reveal a stunningleap forward by physicists who've combined what appears to be mutually exclusive properties intoan entirely new state of matter the super solid much like time travel and wormholes scientistshave long theorized the existence or at least .
Possibilities of super solids in 1957physicist Eugene Gross predicted this utterly counterintuitive state of matter which behavesboth as a solid and a frictionless liquid simultaneously in terms of technologicalcapabilities this was akin to Leonardo Da Vinci's 1493 design for the helicopterresearchers have known for years of super fluid the result of cooling liquid helium belowits boiling point to minus 452 degrees Fahrenheit this is bizarre in its own right able to do thingsother fluids thankfully cannot such as climb up and over the sides of a container and staymotionless while the container is spun if you cool any material low enough it becomes a solidexcept for helium quantum physicist Warwick Bowen from the University of Queensland explains thatit's due to the quirk in quantum mechanics that .
Materials always have a minuscule amount ofquantum zero point energy even when they're at absolute zero he says for helium that energy isenough to melt the solid in some sense quantum mechanics is melting the helium and causingit to be a very different type of fluid basically a superfluid that flows without frictionor turbulence but more on that later so what exactly is it as Bowen further notes we don't 100understand ourselves john beamish an experimental physicist at the University of Alberta in Edmontonexplains that a normal liquid being spun around in a cup will circulate slower and soon stop whenthe cup is put down not so with a superfluid as he says if you set down a cup with liquidscirculating around and you come back 10 minutes later of course it's stopped moving but if you didthat with helium at low temperature and came back .
A million years later it would still be moving thesuper solid is a combination of the mundane and the esoteric after all what's more mundane than asimple solid object the esoteric is this wonderful quirk of quantum mechanics we call the superfluidand the strangeness is just getting started in 2017 MIT researchers hit pay dirt physicistsinitially tried to find super solids in super cool helium which seems logical in that thisis where glimpses of superfluids have been seen but so far no luck then experiments turnedto the elements of rubidium and lanthanum trapping a small number of gaseous atoms andcooling them to only a fraction of a degree above absolute zero the lowest temperaturepossible minus 459.67 degrees Fahrenheit if your local weather forecast ever calls forthis temperature you should probably leave your .
Faucets running researchers took what's called aBose-Einstein condensate a special state of matter created in 2001 by Nobel prize in physics winningresearchers Eric A Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterly, and Carl E Wyman and used lasers to cool itto near absolute zero there the physicists played with the interactions of these super coldatoms in this state of quantum weirdness using the intensely magnetic Diprosium 164 to causeclumping together in droplets similar to small bar magnets the team proceeded to carefullyalign the balance between long-range magnetic interactions and short-range contact interactionsbetween atoms says Matthew Norcia physicist at the Institute for Quantum Research at theUniversity of Innsbruck Optik in Austria in doing so the team created a long one-dimensionaltube of droplets that held free-flowing atoms a 1D .
Super solid Norcia explains further normally youwould think that each atom would be found in a specific droplet with no way to get between themhowever in the super solid state each particle is delocalized across all the droplets existingsimultaneously in each droplet the result a mind-altering series of high-density regions thedroplets that shear the same delocalized atoms and enable frictionless flow to picture a super solidconsider an ice cube immersed in liquid water with frictionless flow of the water through thecube explains Dr. Bruno Laburthe-Tolra of Paris North University breakthrough number two came in2021 with the formation of systems with multiple rows of droplets and thus a two-dimensional supersolid besides the obvious accomplishment of a feat never before done the new state of matter opensunimaginable possibilities for research into .
The unknown now the super solid form is in a newdimension from a tiny tube into a small 2d sheet the fundamental laws of physics areabout to get even more fascinating on his deathbed German physicist Werner Heisenbergis alleged to have said when i meet god i'm going to ask him two questions why relativity andwhy turbulence i really believe he'll have an answer for the first whether Heisenberg saidthat or not turbulence is everywhere any air traveler knows its effects on aircraft you cansee it as water flows over and around rocks and your body circulates blood and nutrients through aconvoluted and turbulent system but equations used to describe realistic conditions of turbulencerapidly disintegrate into an unstable and tangled mess think weather forecasting to accuratelyanalyze and measure turbulence that is to form .
A general theoretical description of it has beenan elusive white whale of science for centuries with the advent of two-dimensional super solidsscientists can now study how vortices form in the hole between several adjacent droplets andthus advance our understanding of intricate interactions on a quantum scale and maybe justmaybe inch closer to unraveling what some call the last great outstanding problem of classicalphysics and quantum technologies of which we can barely imagine just took a major step forward sowhat do you think about this new state of matter and its limitless possibilities are we about towitness advances that were inconceivable a few short years ago tell us in the comments andas always thank you for watching Factnomenal
Scientists Have Created a Supersolid State of Matter in a New Dimension. Solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. A simple and orderly hierarchy of matter that schoolchildren the world over can recite. But what if we could combine the properties of two of these and create a whole new hybrid form of matter that seemingly violates known laws of physics? For example, think of a solid-liquid combination, along the lines of the sci-fi classic Terminator 2: Judgment Day. You would theoretically get the crystalline structure of a solid that flows like a liquid, and its possible applications are mind-blowing. And now it’s no longer theoretical. In today’s video we reveal a stunning leap forward by physicists who have combined what appears to be mutually exclusive properties into an entirely new state of matter—the supersolid! Buy us a coffee to show your support! https://www.buymeacoffee.com/Factnomenal DON’T CLICK THIS LINK: https://tinyurl.com/357shs3j Thanks for watching Factnomenal! 🌎 Subscribe for more space discoveries, space facts, and space in general! 🔔 Hit the bell next to subscribe so you never miss a video! ► For copyright matters, make sure to send us an email to Adam@trustedmiddle.com #factnomenal #space