Friday, September 30, 2022

Learn English Vocabulary: Computer Hardware

Hi, welcome to . I'm Adam. In today's lesson, I'm going to walk you througha computer setup. Basically, we're going to look at all thedifferent pieces of hardware, all the actual tools that you're going to be using. All the actual equipment that you're goingto be using when you're using a computer. Now, the main purpose of this lesson is tohelp you if you're working in a computer store, if you want to go buy a computer, or if youhave a computer and you want to call the technical support department. So, for example, tech support. .

If you have a problem with your computer andyou need to explain to someone, especially over the phone, what's going on, you needto know all the different words for all the different pieces of equipment that you havein order to explain what the problem is. So, we're going to start with the actual hardware,with the actual things. And then we're going to look at differentfunctions for each one of these things that you really need to know. We're going to look at some shortcuts, somefunctions and things that you can do with them anyway. So, let's start with the actual computer. .

There are different ways to use a computer. You can use a laptop or a notebook. Essentially, these are the same thing. It used to be – the difference between laptopand notebook was size, but now, anything you can put on your lap or anything that's foldableand you can carry is basically a laptop or a notebook. Okay? These are mobile, as I said. You can carry them with you. .

You can put them into your bag and take themanywhere you want. And these days, many of them have a touchscreen, meaning that you can actually touch the monitor that is on the laptop and do thingson it without using your mouse. Okay? Next, we're going to look at a desktop. A desktop is something that you have in yourhome or office. You don't carry it around with you, it's bigger. It has a tower. The tower is where the actual computer is,where all the – the motherboard is, okay? .

Laptops and notebooks also have a motherboard. The motherboard is the – it's like a sheetinside the computer that has all the microchips, that has all your memory and all the differentfunctions of the computer. If you don't know anything about computers,do not touch the motherboard. Take it to a professional to fix it for youor to make changes to it, okay? The desktop has a tower, and inside is themotherboard and everything connects to that, including the monitor, the keyboard, the mouse,everything. And then you use it on your desk. On your desk will be nothing but the monitor. .

The tower is usually underneath your desk. You can also buy an all-in-one. An all-in-one computer is just the monitor,and the computer is built into the monitor. So, there's really nothing else except forthe monitor and then you connect everything to that, okay? Speaking of the monitor, the monitor basicallyis like the TV. This is where you see everything that you'regoing to be doing on your computer. It is usually measured in inches, so let mejust make this a little bit clearer so you don't get confused. .

Just so you know, one inch is 2.54 centimeters. If you're in North America and you're goingto buy a monitor, they will ask you how many inches, like what size of monitor do you want? In other places, it might be by centimeters,so make sure you understand the differences for the monitor that you want. These days, you can get curved monitors. So, you have, like, regular flat monitors,or you can get curved monitors that give you a little bit of a different perspective, alittle bit different graphics, okay? You can use a monitor just like you woulda TV. .

In fact, you can use a TV as a monitor foryour computer as well. Everything is connected these days. Next, you have your keyboard. This is where you're typing and you're doinga lot of your functions for computing, okay? The traditional keyboard is a QWERTY, meaningthat all the letters start at the top row with Q,W,E,R,T and go on like that. That's a QWERTY keyboard, that's the standardkeyboard in English, okay? The keyboard has keys. Everything that you press on the keyboardis called the key, that's why it's a board .

With keys, keyboard. You can get a Chiclet keyboard or a regularkeyboard. Chiclets are very thin keys. So, most laptops use chiclet keyboards, butyou can buy external keyboards that are thicker or different shapes, sizes, etc. Most keyboards have a number pad. So, you have the numbers at the top row, butyou can also have them on the side, so it's a little bit faster to type numbers. And laptops also have a touchpad, which isusually like a square area on the keyboard .

That you can use as a mouse, if you don'twant to use a mouse. Okay, so speaking of mouse, let's talk aboutthe mouse. A mouse is like a little device on the sideof the computer that you use to move around and move the cursor around, and I'll talkabout the cursor a bit after. The mouse lets you do a lot of the functionswithout having to type anything. So, you can move pages up and down. You can open different windows. You can press on different programs to openthem. They – the mice or the mouse has a right click,a left click, and a scroll button. .

So, click so the things you do with your fingers,and in the middle is a button to scroll to move pages up and down, okay? Next, if you want to connect to the internet,you're going to need a modem. A modem is basically the phone line or thecable line that connects the computer to the internet. And if you don't want to connect your computerto the internet with a cable, then you need Wi-Fi, okay? And just make sure we understand – I knowin some countries they pronounce it a little bit differently. .

In English, we say “wi-fi”, okay? And this is our router, “rou-ter”, okay? Not “root-er”, “rou-ter” if you need to explainto someone. So, the router basically sends out the internetsignal throughout the space it's basically programmed for. And you have Wi-Fi and you can connect allkinds of devices to this, okay? So, you have all kinds of devices. You can have a phone, you can have games,you can have all kinds of different things connected by Wi-Fi. .

Then you have all your accessories. So, what we've looked at so far, these arethe essential pieces of the computer setup, if you want to do computing, if you want toget on the internet. Now, all these extra things are extra. You don't have to have them, but they do makelife a bit easier. So, they are called accessories. They're not necessary, they're extra. If you want to listen to things, you can usespeakers. You can also plug headphones into the jack. .

Every computer will come with a jack, that'slike a little hole in the computer where you put the little metal tipped wire inside. You plug it into the jack and you can getspeakers or you can use your headphones. If you need to print things out, if you havefiles and you need to print them, you would use a printer. If you have documents that you want to sendsomeone else, then you would use a scanner. A scanner basically takes a picture of thedocument, creates a file in your computer and then you can send that file to somebodyelse. Now, if you have to keep a lot of things on- a lot of files or videos or music and you .

Don't have enough memory space on your computer,you can use an external hard disk drive, okay? So basically, this is a little box like this,sometimes it's a little bit bigger. And it has a lot of memory space, and youcan put all your files, all your movies, all your music on there and keep it separate fromthe computer. A lot of computers, they come with a lot ofmemory these days, but files are getting bigger and bigger and people generally need to useexternal hard disks as well. Now, if you need to carry files with you fromone place to another, but you don't want to carry your external hard disk with all yourfiles, you can just use a thumb drive. Some people call it a thumb drive, some peoplecall it a memory stick. .

It's basically a small USB component, andwe'll talk about USB as well. USB is the plug, so the headphone plugs intoa jack. The memory stick or the thumb drive plugsinto a USB slot. There are slots, especially in the laptop,they will be on the side. In the tower of the desktop, you will seeUSB slots. You put your thumb drive in there. Okay. So now, we have all our equipment set up. Now, let's see what you can do with some ofthese tools specifically. .

Okay, so now, we're going to look at someof the functions that you can do with your hardware, with your equipment. But just before we get started, this is avery basic list. If you really really want to know how to doa lot of different things with your computer, with your keyboard, with your mouse, etc.,make sure you do some more research. This is just to get you started with the basics,okay? So, let's start with shortcuts. These are for the keyboard. You can do a lot of things with the keyboardinstead of always using your mouse and clicking .

And clicking. Sometimes, it's a little bit faster just touse the keyboard. So, we have a control key. This should be on your – probably on yourbottom left of your keyboard. There might be another one more in the middle. You can use control + the x key to cut somethingthat you can move somewhere else. Ctrl + C = copy. So, cut and copy are a little bit different. Cut, you're removing it from one place, puttingit somewhere else. .

Copy, you're just leaving it there but puttingit somewhere else as well. Ctrl + V = to paste. So, after you cut or copy, you go to the newlocation. You press Ctrl + V and it puts it there. Ctrl + Z or “zee”, depends on where you comefrom, to undo. So, if you did something and you think “Ohwait, I made a mistake”, you can press Ctrl + Z and it will go back to before you madethat mistake, and then you can continue from there. And Ctrl + A = to select all. .

So, if you want to copy a whole page, insteadof dragging your mouse all over the place, just press Ctrl + A, everything will be highlightedin blue. Then Ctrl + C, copy. Ctrl + V, paste somewhere else. Now, all of these things are just there tosave you time. Computers have made people very fast. Everything has to be very fast, fast, fast. So, be fast. Use these shortcuts, okay? .

Now, if you're having a problem with yourcomputer and you want to stop a program or you want to stop something from happening,Ctrl + Alt + Delete, all at the same time. You will be given the task manager. Just find that program you want to stop andput “End Task”. A little bit easier to understand when youactually see it, but this is a very good shortcut to help you stop something that's happeningon your computer. So, that's more or less the keyboard, whatyou need to know. Otherwise, typing, numbers, calculator, etc. Oh sorry, I should also mention, there's anFn button at the bottom of your keyboard. .

This is function. What the “Fn” means is “function”. It's usually blue, and there are differentkeys with blue things on them. If you press Fn + another key with a bluething, it will do what that is. It could put the computer to sleep. It can restart the computer; it can shut itdown. It could be used for other things. You can use function with the arrow keys toraise or lower volume, increase or decrease brightness, etc. .

Again, just shortcuts. Now, if you want to connect things. The most common way to connect devices isthrough USB, okay? So, USB is universal serial bus, I believeis what it stands for. You usually have two or three slots on a laptop. You usually have five or six on a desktop. This is where you connect a wired keyboardor a wired mouse, or you can go wireless. If you don't want to connect with cables,cables, you know, if you have too many cables, it makes a bit of a mess. .

So, you can go to wireless and usually, you'regoing to use a USB to connect wireless devices and etc. HDMI is another cable that you will usuallyuse to connect your monitor to get better connection, better graphics, etc. And then you have your ethernet cable. If you don't have Wi-Fi, but you do have amodem and you want to connect your computer to the modem, you're going to use an ethernetcable to do that. It looks like a phone cable, like a regularold style phone cable that nobody uses anymore, okay? .

So, those are the connections. Again, sleep, restart, shut down. This is when you want to stop using the computerbut you're going to come back to it soon, put it to sleep. If you're having a problem or you have anupdate or if you want to fix something and refresh, you do a restart. It means it closes and turns back on rightaway. Or you can just shut it down. It means close it and leave the computer alone. .

Now, another function you want to be thinkingabout is sync. Sync means synchronize; it means make twodifferent things work together like one. So, you can synchronize mobile devices, smartphone,tablet, games, etc. Things like that. So, they work together with the computer. These days, more and more programs and moreand more things are becoming cloud based. Cloud means that everything is stored somewhereelse on a server that's far away from your computer, on a server. So, you can keep a lot of files there. .

You can get a lot of programs that are keptthere and you just use them whenever you need. But you have to synchronize the cloud withyour computer so that they work together like they're together, okay? Even though the server is far away. Now, your mouse, very, very important tool. As I mentioned before, you have right click,left click, and you have a little thing that spins in the middle, the scroll. If you right click on something on your screen,you use the right click. A little box will open up, it's called a pop-up,okay? .

And this pop-up, this pop-up will give youdifferent options. So, you can use this to cut, copy, paste,etc. The left, when you click on the left button,this will make a command. So, if you want to go to a link, you put thecursor – I forgot to mention the cursor – for many people, it's just like a thing on thescreen. It's a little arrow. You put the arrow on the link, you click leftand it'll take you to that link. So, the left click button is a command button. It does what it's pointing at. .

The scroll, as I mentioned before, if youwant to just move up and down on a page. Double click, if you double click on the leftbutton, it's a command. If you want to open up a program, if you wantto open up a page, you double click and it activates the program. That's why we use it to activate differentthings. And then you can click and drag. Again, you're going to use your left clickbutton. You're going to go to like – let's say youwant to copy this word. You take this word, you click left, and thenyou move to someplace else that you want it .

To be in. Okay? So, you might have heard of “drag and drop”. Let me see if I can fit this in. If you want to move something from one placeto another, you just drag and drop there. So, you left click, keep holding it down. So, you're holding it down, move it to thenext place, let go and it will stay there. So, that's drag and drop. Click and drag. .

If you want to copy a whole bunch of sentences,for example. You see an article, you click – left clickat the top, you hold it, you drag the mouse down to the bottom, you let go. The whole thing will be highlighted in blue. Then you can copy, cut, and then move somewhereelse, paste, etc. So again, very, very basic introduction tousing a computer in English. When you're given instructions by your teacher,when you need to explain something to tech support, technical support, these are thewords you're going to use. These are the words they are going to usewith you to help you fix whatever problem .

You may have. For those of you taking the TOEFL exam, getto know some of these words, because you're going to be working on a computer. You're going to need to know what a scrollis, what right click, left click, etc. How to use a mouse, how to use a keyboard. So, if you have any questions about anythinghere, or if you want to ask me about other parts of the computer, please go to www.engvid.comand ask me in the comments section. There's also a quiz to help you refresh yourmemory and review what you've learned here today. .

So, use that quiz and come back soon. I'll make another video for the actual internetand software of your computer, how to use those things and how they function. In the meantime, if you like this video, giveme a like. Please subscribe to my YouTube channel, andcome back for more useful videos to help you with your English, okay? See you then. Bye.


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