Wednesday, May 25, 2022

Learning in College vs Medical School

The way information is taught in high school differs from college which differs from medical school here's what you need to know about how teaching and learning styles vary between each stage in your training to become a future doctor dr jubal med high school learning is terribly inefficient and that's by design grade .

School is largely a form of daycare for children and adolescents while parents are gone to work from early in the morning until mid-afternoon you're in school and most of your time in school is spent in class being lectured to homework assignments often feel like busy work rather than genuine efforts to teach you something valuable and certain .

Classes seem completely irrelevant altogether your schedule and curriculum are both structured and regimented leaving little room for electives or exploring your curiosity perhaps you have optionality with which physical education or pe class to take or maybe some selection with the type of history class you enroll in if you're really .

Lucky perhaps you get the opportunity for an automotive workshop in class which i wish i had the chance to do college is your first foray into adulthood and for the first time in your life independence is thrust upon you both inside and outside of the classroom your learning will be more self-directed and independent compared to high school .

Compared to high school you'll spend much less time in class and there will be many more distractions tempting you away from your academics of all the stages in training college offers the most flexibility in what you actually study the major you chose will dictate what range of courses you must take over your four years you will still have .

General education requirements or ges but compared to high school you have much more flexibility with which courses you take and your day-to-day schedule you can start early late and even have an extra day or two off per week when i first started college i hated waking up early so much that i actually signed up for the engineering level calculus to .

Fulfill my mathematics requirement rather than the math course designed for life science majors the former was much more difficult than the latter but my desire to sleep in was greater than the spread and difficulty on the pre-med track however there is less flexibility particularly in the first two years there are certain medical school .

Prerequisite courses you must take including biology chemistry physics biochemistry and so on it's only after fulfilling your prerequisite courses in your latter two years of college that you'll be able to explore your curiosity and courses related to your chosen major in terms of learning environment it's primarily large lecture halls with .

Hundreds of students at least at larger institutions but if you attend a smaller liberal arts college you won't get lost in large auditoriums in the same way do note that several of your classes such as english will generally be more intimate classroom sessions of 20 or 30 students with active participation medical school is the largest departure .

And learning style similar to high school there is little flexibility in what you study and you're set on a mostly fixed curriculum and learning path and similar to college it's heavily self-directed and independent learning but to an even further extent interestingly one of the most common strategies shared among top scoring .

Medical students is that they applied pressure with surgical precision to both the like and subscribe buttons on this video in high school you spend most of your time learning in the classroom and a few hours here and there on your own in university it shifts towards fewer hours in the classroom and a larger proportion of work done on your own .

Medical school magnifies this to the extreme where the overwhelming majority of your learning and studying will be on your own outside the classroom this is in addition to two to six hours of classroom learning per day but it isn't just a traditional large lecture hall classroom because medical school is focused on teaching you to become a .

Competent and effective doctor there are a variety of teaching modalities that come into play your first two years termed the pre-clinical years are primarily lecture based your latter two years or the clinical years are focused on learning in the hospital or clinic the learning styles in each stage are quite different your pre-clinical years .

Will be spent primarily in the auditorium and small group classroom sessions you'll also have various labs to teach anatomy histology pathology and relevant skill sets for the hospital or clinic historically medical school was primarily classroom lecture based but in the last two decades more and more medical schools are transitioning to .

Interactive forms of teaching to improve medical students learning one of the most common forms is pbl or problem-based learning pbl common in your pre-clinical years is where you meet in small groups of six to ten students twice per week on the first date you'll be introduced to a case presentation there's a hypothetical .

Patient presenting with a certain condition and you'll ask questions to work them up there's a physician facilitator in the room as well to make sure the group doesn't get stuck or derailed you'll assign various tasks and responsibilities amongst yourselves so that during the next session later that week each student will teach the others .

What they've learned one student may focus on the differential diagnosis another on the disease pathophysiology another discusses treatment and so on team based learning or tbl is a hybrid between classroom and small group learning you'll attend lecture in a large auditorium but there will be several breaks throughout the lecture to .

Work through problems with a few other students this type of teaching is less common at most medical schools there will be other small group forms sprinkled throughout medical school at my medical school we had a practice of medicine or palm course that was a continuous threat over all four years it covered the ethical side of practicing .

Medicine to communication skills to the different types of health insurance models around the world and so on i'm a huge proponent in the value of a proper medical school anatomy experience even more so if you're considering something surgical for residency in the traditional medical school anatomy experience you'll have between four and .

Six students assigned to a cadaver and you'll spend most of your first year dissecting and learning about all the organ systems you'll get your hands dirty literally and this is one of the best ways to have a true and deep understanding of human anatomy there's also a pro section meaning a cadaver that's simultaneously being dissected in .

Stages by the instructors for students to view as a reference after all sometimes there are anomalies in anatomy or perhaps your anatomy team inadvertently cause damage to certain structures on your own cadaver doing your own dissection in combination with viewing the pro section allows you to get the best of both worlds some medical .

Schools forego a traditional anatomy experience in favor of only pro sections at these programs you don't do any dissections yourselves and simply view the cadaver that is prepared by the instructors as a senior medical student you may get the opportunity to become an anatomy instructor and i'm very glad i did it's rewarding to teach first year .

Medical students and also a great way to reinforce key anatomy prior to starting a surgical residency there are also small group lab sessions for histology and pathology whereby you're observing slides through a microscope of various healthy and diseased tissues throughout the body if you're colorblind like i am then this will likely be one of your .

Least favorite classes medical school isn't just about learning information but also learning various skills on my first day of medical school orientation we learned how to draw blood on each other which also served as an awesome icebreaker in both your pre-clinical years you'll spend considerable time in small group workshops learning various .

Clinical skills this includes everything from the basics of how to use a stethoscope to learning physical exam skills or more nuanced techniques like performing a lumbar puncture to test cerebrospinal fluid for most of the physical exams you'll practice on each other but for the male and female genital physical exams you'll have a .

Standardized patient as you progress to your clinical years you'll focus on more advanced techniques such as the laparoscopic surgical techniques to learn how to be most effective in patient interaction you'll do practice or group oscis or objective structured clinical examinations whereby you simulate a patient encounter with a .

Standardized patient it's completely normal to feel nerves in your first several goski's as you're being watched through cameras by an attending physician and some classmates all of whom will give you feedback over time and with practice this will become second nature and any anxieties will vanish during your clinical years you'll .

Be primarily self-directed and spending most of your time in the hospital clinic or operating room learning is less structured and is primarily downstream of what patients you have on your service you'll occasionally be asked to prepare presentations for the attending and residence based on patient pathologies for example if a patient on .

Your internal medicine service has a kidney pathology you may be asked to prepare a simple five or 10 minute presentation on the types of nephrotic syndrome a form of kidney disorder it's common to still attend small group sessions once per week but these are a relatively minor part in your learning based on your rotation you may have .

Skill workshops for example while on your surgery rotation you'll have some workshops focused on various surgical techniques including suturing and not tying but if you've been following either this or my personal channel then you know i strongly advise students to be practicing these techniques on their own before they get to their surgery .

Rotations other examples include learning how to intubate a patient place a central line or perform a thoracentesis or paracentesis in your fourth and final year of medical school you'll attend sub internships or audition rotations whereby your expectations and level of responsibility are elevated i explained these further .

In another video but with regards to learning style it's quite similar to your third year core clinical rotations you may be asked to present something more substantial and rather than just your attending in a couple residents and maybe at grand rounds in front of a few dozen attendings and residents the pressure is on but you'll be able to .

Handle it despite the variety of different learning formats it's interesting that medical schools don't place a heavy emphasis on learning how to learn that's the main reason i created this youtube channel to help you understand how to study better and this becomes even more important since the overwhelming majority of your medical .

School learning will be self-directed outside of the classroom to be the most successful you need to be focusing on active learning methods leveraging the times in the day when you are mentally fresh and strategic with all aspects of your study environment including whether you study by yourself or with friends if you'd like to learn more about how to .

Study better check out my study strategies playlist or this other video much love and i'll see you guys there


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