the bright side channel is happy to announce the first video of a recently discovered secret star map of great antiquity and significance we're presenting to you archaeoastronomy cleverly hidden in the southern hemisphere stars this map predates any of the early star maps published by the .
Dutch or english explorers of the 16th and 17th centuries just imagine this map served as a navigational guide for the early 16th century spanish empire's naval expeditions below the equator it also provided the geographic locations of natural resources in the new world if anything was top secret back then this star map indeed raided that designation .
When above earth's equator sailing vessels use the north star as their directional guide located almost directly above the north pole the north star polaris by name remains the only motionless star in the sky as the earth spins during the night time delay photographs centered on the .
North star show star trails of the circumpolar stars while the north star remains virtually in the same spot above the equator polaris is a sure signpost to the north the height or altitude you see polaris above water tells you your latitude above the equator but below the equator of earth the north star is not visible .
Below the equator there is no south pole star as the expedition of vessels under the flag of spain approached the equator the north star continued to drop lower and lower behind the stern of the ships it became evident to the spanish and portuguese sailors on board that polaris would soon descend below the waves and no longer be visible to guide them the .
Sailors became anxious sailing into unknown waters without a directional guide that's when they created the first constellation of the secret star map of the southern hemisphere crux the southern cross a bright constellation appearing in front of the bow of their ships gave the .
Sailors confidence that they had a navigational guide for their journey south crux is portrayed on the flags of several sub-equatorial countries of the southern hemisphere new zealand australia samoa and papua new guinea all in the south pacific as well as brazil in the south atlantic these vastly different geographical .
Locations are essential for unraveling discrepancies between the modern constellations and the secret star map as we shall soon see the second constellation created by the sailors on their secret star map was at least as necessary as crux but far smaller and dimmer tiny in fact made of just a few dim stars the musca .
Constellation the fly was a welcome discovery to the sailors at least as welcome as seeing the southern cross the southern celestial hemisphere contains many more stars than the northern celestial hemisphere the southern sky is literally packed with stars it's because our sun is somewhat above the middle of the disk of the .
Milky way when people on earth above the equator look up we look out of the milky way people in the southern hemisphere are looking down into the disk of the galaxy and see many more stars nebulae planetary nebulae and the milky way's companion galaxies the large and small magellanic clouds it's why southern hemisphere astronomy .
Contains many of the newest biggest and most powerful telescopes and observatories there's so much more to see from down under why then among the vast multitude of stars in the southern sky is the dim little constellation musca so important why would the sailors place this on their secret star map right below the .
Southern cross because on a ship if a fly bites you it's good news a fly can only mean one thing the land is near and after sailing from spain the land was a very welcome sight the next constellation placed on the secret star map is off to the ship's port side heading south the port side or .
Left side would be to the east toward the archipelago of islands off the coast of brazil the third constellation is another dim minor constellation the chameleon the chameleon served as a secret code for expeditions to follow it means don't go there well okay go there if you want chameleons for dinner .
But not much else no natural resources the constellation of the chameleon is a no-go sign don't be fooled by these islands they're mostly barren bear to the starboard that's where the mainland is another no-go sign further east of chameleon is bowl ants the flying fish not anything for the dinner table either .
Maintain your heading southwest now as we head down the coast we can begin to overlay the secret star map onto the map of south america when we do that we immediately encounter an anomaly the constellation apis the bird of paradise apis doesn't jive with south america birds of paradise are indigenous to the .
Islands of the south pacific not south america we're going to see as we continue our journey around south america following the star map developed by the spanish and portuguese sailors that many birds are depicted in various locations therefore the constellation apis is properly located on the mainland of .
South america as a conspicuously beautiful bird but not a bird of paradise maybe the sailors saw a banded kotenga or perhaps a stressamon's bristle front or any of several kinds of brightly colored parrots or perhaps even more likely the white tipped quetzal which lives in venezuela and guiana in any case apis denotes a bird with a .
Forest habitat a valuable natural resource for the spanish empire to exploit sailing between the chameleon and apis spanish ships hug the coast of the great land mass of south america passing the mouth of the then unnamed amazon river the sailors marked the location with the constellation hydrus .
The water snake a clear icon of what the amazon had to offer cape bronco or cabo brenco in portuguese marks the easternmost point of land on the south american continent there's a tastier dish in the sky and sea off its shores dorado the swordfish a pricey item still on the menus of upscale portuguese restaurants a .
Valuable marine resource dorado sure beats chameleons and flying fish for dinner and the ship's rations of salt pork the toucan is the next bird on our star map as the ship cruises down the coast on what is now called the brazilian ocean current the presence of tukana in this location comparable to argentina .
Indicates the natural resource of nuts and fruits next up is the constellation of the phoenix the phoenix is an immortal bird of classic mythology it rises from all consuming flames and is reborn our sailors at this point have sailed further south than any european had ever gone their destination was the spice .
Islands near india and they were way off course the landscape on shore had become frightening tierra del fuego the land of fire with active volcanoes spewing molten lava overhead never before seen aurorae lit up the night sky with undulating curtains of red green and blue .
The current had turned against them and become cold the ship struggled to navigate the strait of magellan the doorway to the pacific the constellation of the phoenix represents their successful entry into the pacific and long-awaited turn northward they were liberated from the land of fire and felt reborn as they finally .
Were able to turn north and this is where all published star maps since 1603 place grooves the constellation of the crane but gruse is not a crane queens don't live in south america it's time we clear up the mystery of the mixed up constellations apis isn't a bird of paradise gru's .
Isn't a crane and we're going to see that pavo isn't a peacock all of the mixed up constellations are a product of a star chart published by the dutch cartographer that's map maker plancius 1552-1622 based on celestial observations made by one peter kaiser on the island of madagascar madagascar was discovered by .
A portuguese expedition of 13 ships in 1500 and visited often by portuguese sailing vessels in subsequent centuries it appears that peter kaiser may well have known a portuguese sailor who communicated to him the constellations of the southern hemisphere that were developed by the spanish and portuguese sailors aboard the spanish expeditions .
Around south america our secret star map although there is no evidence to support that claim it explains the mix-up and the identity of the constellations they are really south american birds as in our secret star chart and not birds of the east indies like on all official modern star charts gru's isn't a crane it's a flamingo .
Flamingos live in chile the sailor is going up the west coast of south america saw flamingos this very same constellation that is called groose today had been called phonocopterus in the early 17th century phonocopterus is latin for flamingo gruse is a flamingo a similar misnomer occurs with the constellation pavo the peacock on modern .
Star charts pavo is latin for peacock peacocks don't live in south america either yes peacocks are indigenous to the south pacific however the word pablo in spanish means turkey and yes turkeys do live in spain but and here's the kicker turkey in the portuguese language is peru .
A conspicuous bird of the country of peru is the condor the largest flying bird in the world the constellation of pavo is a condor which is much more like a turkey than a peacock the presence of condors means there's game meat ashore we're now at the equator again having sailed up the west coast of south .
America and there is the constellation indus the river to india the southern equatorial current heads across the pacific at that location and there's your secret sailor star map in its entirety oh be sure to stock up on limes in lima peru it's a long trek across the pacific limits as sailors are .
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