Thursday, May 26, 2022

ANTHROPOLOGY VS SOCIOLOGY | What’s the Difference? | UCLA Anthropology Student Explains

Hello everyone welcome back and if you're new hi my name is olivia brown i'm currently a third year at ucla and i study anthropology so as you can probably guess by the title the thing that i'm talking about today is the difference between anthropology and sociology now i happen to get a lot of questions on what .

The big difference is between the two and i think there's one like pivotal thing that i need to say before i can even begin to clarify these two things so anthropology has four main subgroups these are linguistic archaeology cultural and biological when people get anthropology and .

Sociology confused the thing they're usually confusing is the cultural part of anthropology now cultural anthropology is the one that i think people often get confused with sociology so when i explain these two things today know that i'm only really referencing cultural .

Sociocultural anthropology so first i just did a basic google search for the definitions of anthropology and sociology so i'll just read them real quick anthropology is the scientific study of humanity concerned with human behavior human biology and societies in both the present and past including .

Past human species and then sociology the study of the development structure and functioning of human society the study of social problems now i could totally see how these two things seem really really similar and i think there's something that we need to hone in on and that's the fact that sociology .

Is a lot more connected to what's wrong in the world and anthropology is more of like a past and present understanding of humanity in general there's a little bit more of like a generality associated with anthropology whereas i do think sociology is a little more connected to the problems that .

Our society might have okay so the next thing that i want to discuss is the actual research methods that are different between sociology and anthropology so anthropology is more understanding humanity on the individual level and sociology is more on the group level and .

That correlates directly to the meat to the areas of study and the ways that these two things are studied so the main form of research that anthropologists conduct in cultural anthropology is something called ethnographic research or an ethnography and usually the way this .

Looks is a an anthropologist a researcher whoever immerses themselves in a part of the world that's different from their own a different culture a different place anything learns the language is there and often has a very small group of people that they are living .

With and oftentimes it is even just like one person that they're really focusing on and then that ethnography is the exploration of their time there the people that they met what they learned in sociology it's very statistically based and these statistics connect directly to .

The large groups of people so let's say you have x amount of people who smoke cigarettes and you have that statistic and then you have y amount of i don't know different policies that could be changed or price reductions or whatever or taxes .

And then you use these two statistics to see how you can help the greatest number of people stop smoking for example so all this is to say anthropology is looking more at the nuances of the individual lifestyle where sociology is kind of looking at how we can help a large group of people .

Something else i kind of just want to add in here also is the idea that each of these areas of studies used to be a lot more different than they are now i think in the 21st century there is this great thing happening in the research community where different people who study different areas can acknowledge .

The good things about other ways of study and try to at least incorporate that the things that will help them into their work so sociologists are now able to say oh understanding an entire population actually isn't represented at representative of one person an .

Anthropologist can say wow one person really isn't representative of the entire community or this is just my perspective if you made it this far thank you so much for watching i do want to say really quickly that i am an anthropology major i think i might have said that already and if .

You study sociology and you were like dang she really got it wrong here like olivia why did you say the wrong thing about sociology let me know in the comments i always have my emails down there i have a website contact me and we can update this have conversation educate me .

I have taken a sociology class before so i do feel like i have some first-hand experience on that but i'm obviously not an expert i also don't study cultural anthropology i study biological anthropology so there are some like discrepancies there i do not want to conceal that from anyone or anything watching um .

So yeah this is just my perspective and i hope it helped i will have all my sources linked down below as always thank you so much i hope you're staying safe during this pandemic happy holidays peace out bye you

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