Welcome to our lesson on archaeology vers history so today we were thinking in terms of our artifacts and ancient history and what the difference is between actually finding the truth in history and what archaeologists do to find the truth so our learning goal is to understand the role of historians and .
Archaeologists and be able to identify their similarities and differences so the term that we're going to be looking at first is archaeologists so what I want you to do is in your books I want you to pause this screen here and write up your headings so your heading is archeology vers history so pause the screen write that in your book as the .
Title and now as a subtitle you're going to write archaeologists and you're going to answer these questions in your book while you watch so the first question is one what sorts of things do archaeologists look for – what types of items perish so what items don't last for a very long time and three what do i Keala gist piece together he's how do .
Archaeologists piece together history so how do they find out the truth about what actually happens so we're going to watch this clip here to answer those three questions in your book headphones your computer keyboard then underwear your parents gave you last year when they forgot it was your birthday based on the stuff you left what could someone .
Assuming they didn't have access to your diary and that would be cheating besides they'll never figure out where they hid the key okay this is the essence of archaeology it's all the stuff you left behind archaeologists study the people and cultures of the past via 20 years ago work 200-thousand although they tend to find more fossils from the 200,000 if .
They uncover remains from 20 years ago it probably warrants a friendly call from local police station the process of digging up various old junk is called excavation archaeologists excavated dig up artifacts which is basically anything that we've been hidden below the surface for years but be your sisters diary could be a metallic cylinder from the .
Byzantine era but digging isn't all archaeologists do if that were the case their biceps would be like this they also study stuff that doesn't mean to be excavated like the pyramids the Roman Colosseum or those cool bronze statues they haul out of the sea once in a while can I get a tow okay now we know what archaeology is but why in the world is .
It important can't we just let the past remain in the past are we really gonna solve any pressing modern problems by knowing what the ancient Egyptians use to brush their teeth believe it or not the stuff we've unearthed has given us a better understanding of who we are today not just who we used to be by examining .
Where we started comparing it to where we are today we can piece together patterns of human progress as well as figure out where we might be going wrong well it's sort of like there's this vast world history book buried in the ground and archaeologists are in charge of putting it back together page by page but it's even more extensive than a .
Regular world history book because it allows us to learn about things that predate written history that'll never work plenty of fascinating stuff happened thousands of years ago even if no one could tweet about it archaeology has helped us to understand ancient religions chick made the daily routines .
Of various cultures how military weaponry has evolved over time it also serves okay so if you haven't answered those three questions you might want to pause the screen right now and then you're going to be going on and answering those three questions in your book now we have our next subheading which is historians so this is exactly .
We're going to be doing the exact same thing we're going to be watching a clip on what historians do and what they look for and this time you've only got two questions to answer so you've got one what sort of questions do historians try to answer and two what sort of written documents do historians take into consideration when looking for the truth .
About events so in the previous one we're looking at what archaeologists do what sorts of things do they look for out on the field and now we're looking at what historians do in order to try and figure out what the truth is about what happens back in history you've experienced history primarily through your textbooks history to you is mostly .
About names dates and facts and well names dates and facts are important that's definitely not all there is so in the next few minutes we're going to try and answer a very complicated question how do historians do history or in other words how do historians discover historical truth or to put it in another way where does the information in their .
Textbooks come from let's take a look the first step in discovering historical truth is to ask a question what is it that you want to find out specifically this will help you focus your research the second step of finding historical truth is to gather evidence of the Cement you're researching historians call this evidence primary sources .
Primary sources can be just about anything that is evidence of an historical event for example if you're researching the Civil War some evidence you can find of the war might be things like soldiers uniforms newspapers and letters from the war if you're researching fashion from the 1920s dresses shoes jackets and even socks .
Would be evidence of what was fashionable during that time after sorting through what primary sources they need historians n go about collecting as many of these primary sources as possible they might find these resources of newspapers historical archives museums or by interviewing someone who experienced or witnessed the .
Particular men they are studying the third step in discovering historical truth is to analyze the evidence historians have collected our live what are the sources what information can the sources provide what information won't the sources provide for the people who created the sources biased do the sources contradict each other in any way .
By answering these questions and others historians begin to interpret the evidence and discover the historical truth the last step in discovering historical truth is for historians to share everything they learned this is where your textbooks come from they are the result of historical research done by others and while your textbook might .
Seem pretty boring the process historians used to discover the truths in your textbook can actually be very interesting and a lot of fun and that's how historians do okay now we've had a look at both the different roles what I want you to do is I want you to copy out this table into your book because I think it just clearly shows .
It's a nice clear summary of everything we've looked at this lesson so in the first column we've got the historian who studies history he studies history through documental evidence and he does not engage in fieldwork so he normally looks at other different documents and comes up with what he thinks the truth is from those documents whereas the .
Archaeologists on the other hand we have he studies archaeology he studies history through physical evidence so he is looking at the artifacts he's looking at the remains of bodies and objects and they often engage in fieldwork so they'll be actually out there on the site where it happened digging through the dirt excavating .
Looking for evidence of things that which might show them what the truth is about what life was like back then so pause this screen because I'm about to move on okay so in conclusion historians study a wide range of written documents to discover the truth about the past these written documents include paintings shopping lists advertisements .
Diaries biographies and newspapers archaeologists on the other hand go to the historical sites at which major events took place they dig up and find physical items or artifacts and use these items to draw conclusions about the truth of the past so while historians are looking at written evidence archeologists are going through .
Doing the hard work and digging up artifacts so what your task for this lesson is you're going to go to canva.com and you're going to be creating a poster which visually demonstrates the differences between a historian and an archaeologist I want you to upload this poster too I learn when it .
Is finished as evidence of learning so there'll be a item in jus work where you can upload it so what you're doing is you can choose to do it in a way where you can split the page in half where you have the word history and one on one side you've got images of different written documents and then on the other side you've got artifacts you can choose .
How you want to do this how you want to split it up or maybe you'll have it all mushed and mash together the different images but I want you to be showing that you know the difference between a historian and an archaeologist thanks for doing the tasks today guys