What is cosmopolitanism cosmopolitanism is a broad-ranging term in sociopolitical and moral philosophy which has been the subject of debate in human geography and the social sciences it is a highly contested term which has been conceptualized and defined in different ways cosmopolitanism is generally associated .
With the concept that all of humanity could and should belong to a single community in fact cosmopolitanism is broadly construed as the belief that all people are entitled to equal respect and consideration no matter what their citizenship status or other affiliations happen to be .
Someone who adheres to such cosmopolitan principles or exhibits cosmopolitan characteristics however they are defined is referred to as a cosmopolite or cosmopolitan however the exact nature of this community and how it could be constituted and created has been the subject of much debate .
Should it be based for example on new global political and institutional forms and new market relations which are open to all or particular moral norms or new inclusive relationships with others or production of cultural expressions appreciated by all citizens a dominant perspective in many but not .
All cosmopolitan stances is an emphasis on getting beyond forms of social interaction which limit the possibilities of achieving this single community thus cosmopolitanism is often but not necessarily correctly conceived of as an alternative to patriotism and nationalism and as critical of parochial .
Attachments to place instead emphasis is placed on the search for more inclusive forms of social relations between global citizens and a global outlook and openness to difference cosmopolitanism thus has relevance to a wide range of geographical issues which include geopolitics governance and .
Territoriality globalization and new transnational social movements international migration multiculturalism and living with difference the branding and marketing of cosmopolitan space in cities and moral and ethical geographies while debates have often focused on abstract philosophical discussions more recent research particularly within .
Human geography has examined how notions of cosmopolitanism are constructed and deployed in particular sociospatial contexts and their social and spatial implications this research both questions abstract notions of cosmopolitanism and also offers direction for how it may work as a normative project .
Cosmopolitanism encompasses four distinct but overlapping perspectives namely one an identification with the world or with humanity in general that transcends local commitments to a position of openness and or tolerance toward the ideas and values of distinct others three an expectation of historical movement .
Toward global peace and four a normative stance advocating cosmopolitan aims and actions cosmopolitanism has a collective aspect arised among others by durkheim and an individual centred aspect elaborated particularly by kent