It's normal for planets to be a bit tilted on the side the earth is tilted at a 23 degree angle that's why we have seasons it's summer when the part of the world where you are leans closer to the sun it works the opposite way too it's winter when you lean away from it but uranus is tilted more than normal it lies as a 98 degree angle which has a.

Huge effect on its seasons each season on uranus takes 21 years to play out something to think about the next time we complain that winter lasts forever now here on earth we measure distances in minutes and hours maybe even days it takes 10 minutes to walk to your best friend's house or 15 minutes to drive to your favorite cafe but in space it's.

Different it's vast which means we measure how long it takes to get to a certain point in years or in most cases light years so if you want to walk to the moon one day that would take you nine years to span the 239 thousand miles perhaps you'd like to take a ride to the nearby star proxima centauri maybe if you kept the pedal to the metal.

At a constant speed of 70 miles per hour you'd get there in about 356 billion hours or around 40 and a half million years trust me after the first 20 million years you'd be second guessing yourself as to why go there in the first place now mars contains the biggest valley valles marineris we've discovered so far it's a pretty impressive system.

Of canyons two thousand five hundred miles long it's five times longer than the grand canyon researchers first spotted it back in the nineteen seventies a bank of volcanoes located on the other side of the canyon ridge probably helped form this valley we haven't discovered a planet completely made of diamonds yet but on.

Some planets it actually rains diamonds on jupiter and saturn gas giants of our solar system lightning storms turn abundant methane into soot which we also know as carbon the suit falls and transforms into graphite further graphite transforms into diamonds with a diameter of about 0.4 inches now before you start figuring out how to.

Book a diamond collecting field trip know that these diamonds don't last after they enter the planet's core they melt ever notice how when you're stargazing two nights in a row in the same time let's say 9 pm the stars stay in the same place but the moon doesn't well there are two reasons for that.

First it depends on what time you go stargazing for instance if you go outside at 8 pm and tomorrow you look for it at 11 pm you'll see the moon in two pretty different places in this case even the stars take different places in the sky since our planet is spinning as you know it takes 24 hours for it to.

Make one full circle that means from our point of view it seems like both the sky and everything up there is just moving around us one time for 24 hours in the same way the sun changes its position rising and setting every day so if you went outside two nights in a row at the same hour in most cases you'll have to wait for an extra half.

Hour or more until the moon gets back to the same position as the night before the stars are pretty much standing still it seems like they're moving but that's because the earth is spinning but the moon is actually moving around our planet and goes through different phases for example a new moon is when it's completely dark in the sky a full moon.

Is when its day side is facing the earth it takes approximately a month for it to finish one circle around the earth maybe you'd be luckier on a diamond collecting expedition on this next planet 40 million light years away from earth scientists used to call it a super earth now a super earth is generally a planet way bigger than ours this planet for.

Example is double the earth size it's so close to its star that it makes a full circle around it in less than 18 hours which means a year there is pretty short since it's so close to its star its temperature goes up a whopping 4 900 degrees fahrenheit because of the heat in combination with the planet's density scientists have the theory that its core.

Is made of carbon in the form of graphite and diamonds over 10 years ago astronomers discovered a huge water vapor cloud it was 12 billion light years from our home planet that cloud is the biggest source of water we know of it's also the oldest dating back to when the universe was only 1.6 billion years old now it's 13.8.

Billion years old man if only i had started a savings account 12 billion years ago with compound interest i'd have me quite a pile of cash by now but i wasn't around that anyway this cloud is so large it holds 140 trillion times the amount of water in all the oceans on our planet this cloud kind of feeds a black hole it may also contain enough.

Gases such as carbon monoxide to encourage the black hole to grow six times bigger than it is at the moment the average temperature of our planet is about 57 degrees fahrenheit and the highest temperature ever measured was 134 degrees sound too hot well on venus it can go up to 900 degrees which makes it the hottest planet in our solar.

System it's not hot enough to melt steel though it would need to be higher by 2500 degrees to get there but it's hot enough to melt lead and it's way too hot to sustain life at least not in any form that we know venus is not even the closest to the sun it's mercury but it has a super thick atmosphere that traps greenhouse gases it's like you covering.

Yourself with a pretty thick blanket in the middle of the summer now we're used to seeing volcanoes spewing hot molten lava after all that's what they mostly do on earth but in space volcanoes tend to spew methane water or ammonia and these materials freeze as they erupt and eventually transform into frozen vapor and.

Something called volcanic snow i'm talking about cryovolcanoes here you can find them on jupiter's moons eo and europa saturn's moon titan and pluto these volcanoes are especially active on eo which has hundreds of vents nasa vehicles have even captured some of these erupting in real time plumes of frozen vapor coming out of.

Them extended for about 250 miles hey by the way they just discovered another moon around jupiter that might actually be good for farming someday it's named e-i-e-i-o now what exactly happens to the light after it disappears inside of a black hole well photon is a particle of light the event horizon is the boundary of a.

Black hole when something say a photon crosses the line and enters those boundaries it can't escape anymore but it doesn't mean a black hole destroyed it it pulls the photon in rapidly towards its center where an enormous mass is packed into an infinitely small space but we're not sure what happens to photons in such extreme conditions it's.

Still one of the biggest mysteries does a black hole destroy the light or not saturn has 82 moons we know about 53 confirmed and 29 more that are still on the waiting list to be confirmed as actual moons before they get their official names and one of the coolest moments might be a 914 mile wide hunk of rock called aopedas it's dark on one.

Side and bright on the other its lighter half is 20 times more reflective than the other one as it turned out the bright side is eyes the dark side is a bit more complicated one theory says it's dark because of particles coming from another moon the one named phoebe another theory says it could be because of heat since the moon is rotating.

Really slowly its dark material is absorbing heat which makes it even darker now how big do you think a black hole c
an become in theory we can't find an upper limit to its mass but astronomers believe the ultra massive black holes or umbhs located in the cores of certain galaxies are mostly up to 10 billion.

Solar masses big recently they even discovered these umbhs physically can't grow much more than this because in that case they would start to disrupt the accretion disks that feed them that way they would kind of stuff the source of new material most people pictured the universe as somewhere between aquamarine and pale.

Turquoise even some researchers thought that was the case they managed to determine the cosmic color by combining light from more than two hundred thousand galaxies within two billion light years of our planet but the real color is actually closer to beige researchers got it all wrong because there was a bug in the software no.

Really it converted the cosmic spectrum into the color our eyes would see if we were exposed to it the team defined this color as a cosmic latte ooh make that a double shot low-fat large to go please